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Diet-related chronic diseases are at epidemic levels in low-income ethnic minority populations. The purpose of this study is to decrease risk for obesity in children by modifying the food environment and conducting point-of-purchase promotions that will lead to changes in psychosocial factors and behaviors associated with healthier food choices among(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the prevalence of breastfeeding and overweight in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), and the relationship between the two. DESIGN AND METHODS A random cluster survey of 420 children (aged 6 months to 10 years), was conducted in the CNMI in June and July of 2005. Children were measured for weight and height and(More)
BACKGROUND Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) can be triggered by gastrointestinal or respiratory infections, including influenza. During the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the United States, monovalent inactivated influenza vaccine (MIV) availability coincided with high rates of wildtype influenza infections. Several prior studies suggested an elevated GBS(More)
Assessment of liver fibrosis is critical for successful individualized disease management in persons with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) or chronic hepatitis C (CHC). We expanded and validated serum marker indices to provide accurate, reproducible and easily applied methods of fibrosis assessment. Liver biopsy results from over 284 CHB and 2304 CHC patients in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Antiviral therapy could reduce the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) among persons with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We evaluated the relationship between therapy for chronic HBV infection and HCC incidence using data from a longitudinal study of patients at 4 US healthcare centers. METHODS We analyzed electronic(More)
BACKGROUND Liver biopsy remains critical for staging liver disease in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected persons, but is a bottleneck to evaluation, follow-up, and treatment of HCV. Our analysis sought to validate APRI (aspartate aminotransferase [AST]-to-platelet ratio index) and FIB-4, an index from serum fibrosis markers (alanine aminotransferase [ALT],(More)
UNLABELLED To determine the stage of liver disease at initial diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, we analyzed data from the Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study (CHeCS), a large U.S. observational study. We examined the temporal relationships of initial HCV infection diagnosis with cirrhosis-defined by liver biopsy or mean FIB-4 score >5.88-and time(More)
We aim to determine the predictive ability of APRI, FIB-4 and AST/ALT ratio for staging of liver fibrosis and to differentiate significant fibrosis (F2-F4) from none to minimal fibrosis (F0-F1) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Liver biopsy results were mapped to an F0-4 equivalent fibrosis stage. Mean APRI and FIB-4 scores were significantly higher for each(More)
BACKGROUND A key question in care of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is beginning treatment immediately vs delaying treatment. Risks of mortality and disease progression in "real world" settings are important to assess the implications of delaying HCV treatment. METHODS This was a cohort study of HCV patients identified from 4(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis A and B vaccines are effective in preventing superinfection and sequelae in patients with chronic hepatitis B or C. We describe immunity and vaccination against hepatitis A and B in chronic hepatitis patients from the US Chronic Hepatitis Cohort Study. METHODS We identified chronic hepatitis B and C patients with healthcare(More)