Vinod Vathipadiekal

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The collectins have been shown to have a role in host defense against influenza A virus (IAV) and other significant viral pathogens (e.g., HIV). The ficolins are a related group of innate immune proteins that are present at relatively high concentrations in serum, but also in respiratory secretions; however, there has been little study of the role of(More)
The aspartic protease inhibitor (ATBI) purified from a Bacillus sp. is a potent inhibitor of several proteases including recombinant HIV-1 protease, pepsin, and fungal aspartic protease. In this study, we report the cloning, and over expression of a synthetic gene coding for ATBI in Escherichia coli and establish a purification protocol. The ATBI molecule(More)
The first report of slow-tight inhibition of xylanase by a bifunctional inhibitor alkalo-thermophilic Bacillus inhibitor (ATBI), from an extremophilic Bacillus sp. is described. ATBI inhibits aspartic protease (Dash, C., and Rao, M. (2001) J. Biol. Chem., 276, 2487-2493) and xylanase (Xyl I) from a Thermomonospora sp. The steady-state kinetics revealed(More)
This is the first report describing the enhancement of xylanase activity by the neutral amino acid glycine. Xylanase activity is increased seven-fold at alkaline pH in the presence of glycine and its pH optimum is shifted from pH 7 to 8 without using any protein engineering techniques. Analysis of the steady-state kinetics revealed that glycine in the(More)
This is the first report that describes the inhibition mechanism of xylanase from Thermomonospora sp. by pepstatin A, a specific inhibitor toward aspartic proteases. The kinetic analysis revealed competitive inhibition of xylanase by pepstatin A with an IC50 value 3.6 +/- 0.5 microm. The progress curves were time-depended, consistent with a two-step slow(More)
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