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In several species, including humans, circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels increase during the onset of puberty, suggesting that this peptide contributes to attaining sexual maturity. Because IGF-I elicits LHRH release from the median eminence (ME) of immature female rats in vitro, we hypothesized that it may represent one of the(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is emerging as a signal of peripheral origin capable of acting centrally to induce luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and accelerate the initiation of female puberty. Since we have shown previously that ethanol (ETOH) can suppress prepubertal LH release and delay female puberty, we hypothesized that these detrimental(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothalamic glial-neuronal communications are important for the activation of luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) secretion at the time of puberty. As we have shown that alcohol (ALC) diminishes prepubertal LHRH secretion and delays puberty, we first assessed the effects of short-term ALC administration on the basal expression of a(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in development of excitatory inputs along with a decline in inhibitory inputs ultimately govern the timely increased secretion of hypothalamic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) at the time of puberty. As chronic alcohol (ALC) exposure acts at the hypothalamic level to suppress LHRH secretion and delay puberty, we assessed(More)
Glial-derived transforming growth factor alpha (TGFα) activates the erbB1/erbB2 receptor complex on adjacent glial cells in the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH). This receptor activation stimulates the synthesis and release of prostaglandin-E(2) (PGE(2)) from the glial cells, which then induces the release of prepubertal luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone(More)
Socio-economic disparities in health have been well documented around the world. This study examines whether NGO facilitation of the government's community-based health programme improved the equity of maternal and newborn health in rural Uttar Pradesh, India. A quasi-experimental study design included one intervention district and one comparison district(More)
We describe the epidemiology of malaria in San Dulakudar, a village in Sundargarh District in the state of Orissa in eastern India. Malaria transmission is perennial with Plasmodium falciparum, accounting for greater than 80% of malaria cases. Transmission intensity varies with season with high transmission after the monsoon rains in autumn and winter, low(More)
OBJECTIVE Since alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) inhibits the synthesis and release of proinflammatory cytokines and stimulates the synthesis and release of anti-inflammatory cytokines, and leptin is a cytokine that has anti-inflammatory actions in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we hypothesized that alpha-MSH increases leptin(More)
1. DNA polymerase alpha (pol alpha) isolated from Simian virus 40 (SV40)-transformed cells showed more than 3-fold higher specific activity than pol alpha from normal cells. The enzymes from untransformed and transformed cells also differed in molecular size, thermolability, sensitivity to inhibitors and specificity of template-primer utilization. 2.(More)
1. The specific activity of DNA-polymerase alpha isolated from pSV3.neo-transformed cells was more than 9-fold higher than that of polymerase alpha from untransformed cells. 2. Western blot analysis, using anti-SV40 large T antigen, of both a crude cellular extract and of partially purified polymerase alpha from pSV3.neo-transformed cells revealed a single(More)