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Socio-economic disparities in health have been well documented around the world. This study examines whether NGO facilitation of the government's community-based health programme improved the equity of maternal and newborn health in rural Uttar Pradesh, India. A quasi-experimental study design included one intervention district and one comparison district(More)
OBJECTIVE Since alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) inhibits the synthesis and release of proinflammatory cytokines and stimulates the synthesis and release of anti-inflammatory cytokines, and leptin is a cytokine that has anti-inflammatory actions in the presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), we hypothesized that alpha-MSH increases leptin(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the impact of the newborn health component of a large-scale community-based integrated nutrition and health programme. METHODS Using a quasi-experimental design, we evaluated a programme facilitated by a nongovernmental organization that was implemented by the Indian government within existing infrastructure in two rural districts of(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is emerging as a signal of peripheral origin capable of acting centrally to induce luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion and accelerate the initiation of female puberty. Since we have shown previously that ethanol (ETOH) can suppress prepubertal LH release and delay female puberty, we hypothesized that these detrimental(More)
BACKGROUND This study explored the relationship between the knowledge of community health workers (CHWs)-anganwadi workers (AWWs) and auxiliary nurse midwives (ANMs)-and their antenatal home visit coverage and effectiveness of the visits, in terms of essential newborn health care practices at the household level in rural India. METHODS We used data from(More)
This research was designed to determine 1) whether changes occur in the levels of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor (NMDA-R) messenger RNA (mRNA) in the reproductive hypothalamus of female rats as they approach puberty, 2) whether NMDA-R stimulation would promote differential LH responses during the specific stages of peripubertal development, and 3)(More)
Several studies suggest an interrelationship between estradiol (E2) and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) at the hypothalamic level. The present study was designed to discern if the capability of IGF-1 to release LH and influence the timing of female puberty is influenced by E2. Twenty-eight-day-old female rats were ovariectomized (OVEX), then implanted(More)
A hallmark of cellular ageing is the failure of senescing cells to initiate DNA synthesis and transition from G1 into S phase of the cell cycle. This transition is normally dependent on or concomitant with expression of a set of genes specifying cellular proteins, some of which directly participate in DNA replication. Deregulation of this gene expression(More)
Normal cells in culture are used to investigate the underlying mechanisms of DNA synthesis because they retain regulatory characteristics of the in vivo replication machinery. During the last few years new studies have identified a number of genetic changes that occur during in vitro ageing, providing insight into the progressive decline in biological(More)
Estradiol (E2) is suppressed in prepubertal females exposed maternally to lead (Pb); thus, we assessed effects of Pb on ovarian steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) as a potential mechanism for this action. Adult Fisher 344 females were dosed with 12 mg of lead acetate per ml of Pb acetate (PbAc) or sodium acetate (NaAc; control), beginning 30 days(More)