Vinod K. Prasad

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Preliminary studies using directed-donor ex vivo expanded human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) have shown promise in the treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). However, their production is cumbersome and standardization is difficult. We describe the first experience of using a premanufactured, universal donor, formulation of hMSCs (Prochymal)(More)
Outcomes of unrelated donor cord blood transplantation in 191 hematologic malignancy children (median age, 7.7 years; median weight, 25.9 kg) enrolled between 1999 and 2003 were studied (median follow-up, 27.4 months) in a prospective phase 2 multicenter trial. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching at enrollment was 6/6 (n = 17), 5/6 (n = 58), 4/6 (n =(More)
Inherited metabolic disorders (IMD) or inborn errors of metabolism are a diverse group of diseases arising from genetic defects in lysosomal enzymes or peroxisomal function. These diseases are characterized by devastating systemic processes affecting neurologic and cognitive function, growth and development, and cardiopulmonary status. Onset in infancy or(More)
Outcomes of 159 young patients with inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs) undergoing transplantation with partially HLA-mismatched unrelated donor umbilical cord blood were studied to investigate the impact of graft and patient characteristics on engraftment, overall survival (OS), and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Patients received myeloablative(More)
Development of DNA typing for Class I HLA alleles has lagged behind that of class II for a variety of technical reasons. Following the recognition of locus specific sequences in the first and the third intron, and acquiring the ability to amplify genomic DNA by intron-based PCR primer, we have devised DNA typing of class I alleles by SSOP and direct(More)
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I-Hurler syndrome (MPS-IH) is a lysosomal storage disease characterized by multisystem morbidity and death in early childhood. Although hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has been performed in these patients for more than 30 years, large studies on the long-term outcome of patients with MPS-IH after HCT are lacking. The goal(More)
HLA disparity has a negative impact on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We studied the independent impact of amino acid substitution (AAS) at peptide-binding positions 9, 99, 116, and 156, and killer immunoglobulin-like receptor binding position 77 of HLA-A, B, or C, on the risks for grade 3-4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD),(More)
The mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) are inherited metabolic disorders (IMDs) caused by single-gene defects leading to progressive cellular accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and damage to multiple organs, including the central nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiorespiratory, and other systems. Hurler syndrome (MPS IH), the most severe form, is the(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can prolong life and improve its quality in patients with inherited metabolic diseases. HSCT offers a permanent source of enzyme replacement therapy and also might mediate nonhematopoietic cell regeneration or repair. Unrelated cord blood is an exciting newer graft source for treatment of patients(More)
Autoimmune cytopenias are a recognized complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT), and are considered to be a feature of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD). We report on a cohort of very young infants (< or =3 months of age) receiving HSCT from unrelated donor umbilical cord blood for genetic disorders who developed posttransplant(More)