Vinod D Parikh

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A series of 10 beta-propynyl-substituted steroids are reported as mechanism-based enzyme-activated irreversible inhibitors of the human placental aromatase which converts 4-androstene-3,17-dione to 1,3,5(10-estratrien-3-ol-17-one. Thus 10-propargylestr-4-ene-3,17-dione binds to the enzyme with an apparent Ki of 23 nM and causes time-dependent inactivation(More)
Through the use of empirical and computational methods, phosphinate-based inhibitors of MMP-1 and MMP-13 that bind into the S2 pocket of these enzymes were designed. The synthesis and testing of 2 suggested that binding was occurring as hypothesized. Structure determination of a co-crystal of 2 bound to the catalytic domain of MMP-1 confirmed the binding(More)
Kynurenine aminotransferase (KAT) II has been identified as a potential new target for the treatment of cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Following a high-throughput screen, cyclic hydroxamic acid PF-04859989 was identified as a potent and selective inhibitor of human and rat KAT II. An X-ray crystal(More)
A series of aryl hydroxamates recently have been disclosed as irreversible inhibitors of kynurenine amino transferase II (KAT II), an enzyme that may play a role in schizophrenia and other psychiatric and neurological disorders. The utilization of structure-activity relationships (SAR) in conjunction with X-ray crystallography led to the discovery of(More)
By use of parallel chemistry coupled with physicochemical property design, a series of selective κ opioid antagonists have been discovered. The parallel chemistry strategy utilized key monomer building blocks to rapidly expand the desired SAR space. The potency and selectivity of the in vitro κ antagonism were confirmed in the tail-flick analgesia model.(More)
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) regulate the levels of the second messengers cAMP and cGMP and are important drug targets. PDE10A is highly enriched in medium spiny neurons of the striatum and is an attractive drug target for the treatment of basal ganglia diseases like schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, or Huntington's disease. Here we describe the design,(More)
1. In early discovery stages, 2-methyl-N-(2'-(pyrrolidinyl-1-ylsulfonyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)propan-1-amine (PBPA) demonstrated monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) and cytochrome P450 (CYP)-mediated clearance. While human liver microsomes predicted low CL(b) PBPA demonstrated a moderate CL(p)/F in humans. The plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) of PBPA was characterized(More)
A novel (4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-yl)-biphenylamine series of 5-HT(7) agonist compounds was developed from a structurally related lead compound 1. The newly discovered series is exemplified by compound 2 that possesses high affinity for 5-HT(7) receptors and shows intrinsic agonist activity in functional assays. This new series has significant alpha(1) and(More)
The reaction of 3 beta, 17 beta-diacetoxy-4-estrene with N-bromoacetamide in a two phase ether/water solvent mixture gave 5-bromo-4 beta, 17 beta-diacetoxy-5 alpha-estran-3 beta-ol as the major product (75%). Four minor products were also isolated and identified. These were: 4 alpha-bromo-3 beta, 17 beta-diacetoxy-5 alpha-estran-5-ol (5%), 5-bromo-3 beta,(More)
We previously observed a cutaneous type IV immune response in nonhuman primates (NHP) with the mGlu5 negative allosteric modulator (NAM) 7. To determine if this adverse event was chemotype- or mechanism-based, we evaluated a distinct series of mGlu5 NAMs. Increasing the sp3 character of high-throughput screening hit 40 afforded a novel morpholinopyrimidone(More)