Vinita Chauhan

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This study examined differential effects of alpha-(α-) particle radiation and X-rays on apoptosis and associated changes in gene expression. Human monocytic cells were exposed to α-particle radiation and X-rays from 0 to 1.5 Gy. Four days postexposure, cell death was measured by flow cytometry and 84 genes related to apoptosis were analyzed using real-time(More)
All six isoforms of the microtubule-associated protein tau are present in hyperphosphorylated states in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It is presently unclear how such hyperphosphorylation of tau is controlled. In a previous study (Singh et al. Arch Biochem Biophys 328: 43-50, 1996) we have shown that three-repeat taus containing two(More)
The threat of a terrorist-precipitated nuclear event places humans at danger for radiological exposures. Isotopes which emit alpha (α)-particle radiation pose the highest risk. Currently, gene expression signatures are being developed for radiation biodosimetry and triage with respect to ionizing photon radiation. This study was designed to determine if(More)
Alpha (α)-particle emitters are probable isotopes to be used in a terrorist attack. The development of biological assessment tools to identify those who have handled these difficult to detect materials would be an asset to our current forensic capacity. In this study, for the purposes of biomarker discovery, human keratinocytes were exposed to α-particle(More)
Alpha- (α-) particle radiation exposure has been linked to the development of lung cancer and has been identified as a radiation type likely to be employed in radiological dispersal devices. Currently, there exists a knowledge gap concerning cytokine modulations associated with exposure to α-particles. Bio-plex technology was employed to investigate changes(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), etiological agents of the life threatening neuroparalytic disease botulism, are the most toxic substances currently known. The potential for the use as bioweapon makes the development of small-molecule inhibitor against these deadly toxins is a top priority. Currently, there are no approved pharmacological treatments for BoNT(More)
This study examined alpha (α-) particle radiation effects on global changes in gene expression in human leukemic monocytic cells (THP-1) for the purposes of mining for candidate biomarkers that could be used for the development of a biological assessment tool. THP-1 cells were exposed to α-particle radiation at a dose range of 0 to 1.5 Gy. Twenty-four hours(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the importance of annual intercomparisons for maintaining the capacity and capabilities of a well-established biodosimetry network in conjunction with assessing efficient and effective analysis methods for emergency response. MATERIALS AND METHODS Annual intercomparisons were conducted between laboratories in the Canadian National(More)
  • Kabadi Banik Rk, Ra, Basurto-Islas, G Grundke-Iqbal, Tung Yc, F Liu +19 others
  • 2013
A modified Hargreaves method for assessing threshold temperatures for heat nociception. Activation of asparaginyl endopeptidase leads to Tau hyperphosphorylation in Alzheimer disease. neurotrophic effects of BDNF peptides in mouse hippocampal primary neuronal cell cultures. Maternal body mass index does not affect neonatal umbilical artery blood gas(More)