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BACKGROUND Myxomatous dystrophy of the cardiac valves affects approximately 3% of the population and remains one of the most common indications for valvular surgery. Familial inheritance has been demonstrated with autosomal and X-linked transmission, but no specific molecular abnormalities have been documented in isolated nonsyndromic forms. We have(More)
A large number of retaining glycosidases catalyze both hydrolysis and transglycosylation reactions, but little is known about what determines the balance between these two activities (transglycosylation/hydrolysis ratio). We previously obtained by directed evolution the mutants F401S and N282T of Thermus thermophilus β-glycosidase (Ttβ-gly, glycoside(More)
MOTIVATION Motion is inherent in molecular interactions. Molecular flexibility must be taken into account in order to develop accurate computational techniques for predicting interactions. Energy-based methods currently used in molecular modeling (i.e. molecular dynamics, Monte Carlo algorithms) are, in practice, only able to compute local motions while(More)
The efficient filtering of unfeasible conformations would considerably benefit the exploration of the conformational space when searching for minimum energy structures or during molecular simulation. The most important conditions for filtering are the maintenance of molecular chain integrity and the avoidance of steric clashes. These conditions can be seen(More)
GH-11 xylanases are highly specific and possess a thumb-shaped loop, a unique structure among enzymes with a jelly-roll scaffold. To investigate this structure, in vitro mutagenesis was performed on a GH-11 xylanase (Tx-Xyl) from Thermobacillus xylanilyticus. Targets were the conserved amino acids Pro(114)-Ser(115)-Ile(116) that are located at the thumb's(More)
Directed evolution was applied to the beta-glycosidase of Thermus thermophilus in order to increase its ability to synthesize oligosaccharide by transglycosylation. Wild-type enzyme was able to transfer the glycosyl residue with a yield of 50% by self-condensation and of about 8% by transglycosylation on disaccharides without nitrophenyl at their reducing(More)
We have previously shown that a 28-amino acid peptide derived from the BRC4 motif of BRCA2 tumor suppressor inhibits selectively human RAD51 recombinase (HsRad51). With the aim of designing better inhibitors for cancer treatment, we combined an in silico docking approach with in vitro biochemical testing to construct a highly efficient chimera peptide from(More)
The alpha-L-fucosidase from Thermotoga maritima (Tm alpha fuc) was converted into alpha-L-transfucosidase variants by directed evolution. The wild-type enzyme catalyzes oligosaccharide synthesis by transfer of a fucosyl residue from a pNP-fucoside donor to pNP-fucoside (self-condensation) with alpha-(1-->3) regioselectivity or pNP-galactoside(More)
Dynamics is a key feature of enzyme catalysis. Unfortunately, current experimental and computational techniques do not yet provide a comprehensive understanding and description of functional macromolecular motions. In this work, we have extended a novel computational technique, which combines molecular modeling methods and robotics algorithms, to(More)
The role in activity of outer regions in the substrate binding cleft in alpha-amylases is illustrated by mutational analysis of Tyr(105) and Thr(212) localized at subsites -6 and +4 (substrate cleavage occurs between subsites -1 and +1) in barley alpha-amylase 1 (AMY1). Tyr(105) is conserved in plant alpha-amylases whereas Thr(212) varies in these and(More)