Viney Kumar Jain

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PURPOSE To assess the use of in vivo proton MR spectroscopy for characterization of intracranial mass lesions and to ascertain its reliability in grading of gliomas. METHODS One hundred twenty patients with intracranial masses were subjected to volume selective spectroscopy using stimulated echo acquisition mode (echo time, 20 and 270 milliseconds) and(More)
We previously observed a marked diversity of rotavirus strains and a high prevalence of the uncommon serotype G9 in a small survey of rotavirus strains collected from six centers in India. In the present study, we characterized a larger collection of strains from children hospitalized with severe diarrhea in seven Indian cities between 1996 and 1998. A(More)
PURPOSE Evaluation of tolerance, toxicity, and feasibility of combining large fraction (5 Gy) radiotherapy with 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2DG), an inhibitor of glucose transport and glycolysis, which has been shown to differentially inhibit repair of radiation damage in cancer cells. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with supratentorial glioma (Grade 3/4),(More)
Higher rates of glucose utilization and glycolysis generally correlate with poor prognosis in several types of malignant tumors. Own earlier studies on model systems demonstrated that the nonmetabolizable glucose analog 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) could enhance the efficacy of radiotherapy in a dose-dependent manner by selectively sensitizing cancer cells(More)
PURPOSE Lepidopteran insect cells are known to exhibit very high radioresistance. Although very effective DNA excision-repair has been proposed as a contributing factor, a detailed understanding of insect cell radiation responses has not yet been obtained. Therefore, the study was carried out to understand the in vitro radiation responses of Sf9(More)
Rotavirus is the leading cause of childhood diarrhea worldwide, causing an estimated 600,000 deaths each year. To assess the potential benefits of a national rotavirus immunization program in India, we analyzed 40 published studies of rotavirus that were conducted between 1976 and 1997 and included a total of approximately 13,000 Indian pediatric(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) using l-[methyl-11C]-methionine (MET) is the most popular amino acid imaging modality in oncology, although its use is restricted to PET centers with an in-house cyclotron facility. This review focuses on the role of MET–PET in imaging of cerebral gliomas. The biological background of tumor imaging with methionine is(More)
3,3'-Diselenodipropionic acid (DSePA), a diselenide and a derivative of selenocystine, was evaluated for in vivo radioprotective effects in Swiss albino mice, at an intraperitoneal dose of 2 mg/kg body wt, for 5 days before whole-body exposure to gamma-radiation. The radioprotective efficacy was evaluated by assessing protection of the hepatic tissue, the(More)
PURPOSE The glucose analog and glycolytic inhibitor, 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), has been shown to differentially enhance the radiation damage in tumor cells by inhibiting the postirradiation repair processes. The present study was undertaken to examine the relationship between 2-DG-induced modification of energy metabolism and cellular radioresponses and to(More)
The aim was to exploit simultaneous inhibition of glycolytic and pentose phosphate pathways of energy production for radiosensitization using 2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG) and 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN) in transformed mammalian cells. Two human tumour cell lines (cerebral glioma, BMG-1 and squamous carcinoma cells 4197) were investigated. 2-DG and/or 6-AN added(More)