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The genetic mechanisms mediating the adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the host are poorly understood. The best-characterized regulatory systems in this organism include sigma factors and two-component signal transduction systems. mprAB is a two-component system required by M. tuberculosis for growth in vivo during the persistent stage of(More)
Proteins produced in elevated amounts in response to oxacillin challenge of Staphylococcus aureus strain RN450, were studied by comparing Coomassie blue stained two-dimensional gels of cellular proteins. At least nine proteins were produced in elevated amounts following exposure to growth inhibitory concentrations of oxacillin. N-terminal sequences were(More)
The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus utilizes a variety of different mechanisms to survive unfavorable stress conditions that are critical for its persistence in the environment and for pathogenicity. The staphylococcal DnaK heat shock system functions as a major protein folding machine under stress conditions that cause aggregation and un-folding of(More)
The objective of image segmentation is to extract meaningful objects. A meaningful segmentation selects the proper threshold values to optimize a criterion using entropy. The conventional multilevel threshold-ing methods are efficient for bi-level thresholding. However, they are computationally expensive when extended to multilevel thresholding since they(More)
Many organisms have been shown to possess a methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA), exhibiting high specificity for reduction the S form of free and protein-bound methionine sulfoxide to methionine. Recently, a different form of the reductase (referred to as MsrB) has been detected in several organisms. We show here that MsrB is a selenoprotein that exhibits(More)
The molecular events following inhibition of bacterial peptidoglycan synthesis have not been studied extensively. Previous proteomic studies have revealed that certain proteins are produced in increased amounts upon challenge of Staphylococcus aureus with cell-wall-active antibiotics. In an effort to further those studies, the genes upregulated in their(More)
Previous studies of Staphylococcus aureus transposon insertion mutants showing decreased methicillin or teicoplanin resistance have suggested a role for the RNA polymerase alternative sigma factor SigB in the expression of resistance to these antibiotics. A knockout mutation was created in the S. aureus strain COL sigB gene and its influence on oxacillin(More)
Iron is an essential nutrient for the survival and pathogenesis of bacteria, but relatively little is known regarding its transport and regulation in staphylococci. Based on the known sequences of ferric-uptake regulatory (fur) genes from several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, a fragment containing the fur homologue was cloned from a genomic(More)
Staphylococcus aureus cause infections by producing toxins, a process regulated by cell-cell communication (quorum sensing) through the histidine-phosphorylation of the target of RNAIII-activating protein (TRAP). We show here that TRAP is highly conserved in staphylococci and contains three completely conserved histidine residues (His-66, His-79, His-154)(More)
A series of 12 Staphylococcus aureus strains of various genetic backgrounds, methicillin resistance levels, and autolytic activities were subjected to selection for the glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus (GISA) susceptibility phenotype on increasing concentrations of vancomycin. Six strains acquired the phenotype rapidly, two did so slowly, and four failed(More)