Vineet Kumar Singh

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The molecular events following inhibition of bacterial peptidoglycan synthesis have not been studied extensively. Previous proteomic studies have revealed that certain proteins are produced in increased amounts upon challenge of Staphylococcus aureus with cell-wall-active antibiotics. In an effort to further those studies, the genes upregulated in their(More)
Many organisms have been shown to possess a methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA), exhibiting high specificity for reduction the S form of free and protein-bound methionine sulfoxide to methionine. Recently, a different form of the reductase (referred to as MsrB) has been detected in several organisms. We show here that MsrB is a selenoprotein that exhibits(More)
Staphylococcus aureus contains three genes encoding MsrA-specific methionine sulfoxide reductase (Msr) activity (msrA1, msrA2 and msrA3) and an additional gene that encodes MsrB-specific Msr activity. Data presented here suggest that MsrA1 is the major contributor of the MsrA activity in S. aureus. In mutational analysis, while the total Msr activity in(More)
Proteins produced in elevated amounts in response to oxacillin challenge of Staphylococcus aureus strain RN450, were studied by comparing Coomassie blue stained two-dimensional gels of cellular proteins. At least nine proteins were produced in elevated amounts following exposure to growth inhibitory concentrations of oxacillin. N-terminal sequences were(More)
Previous studies employing two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and N-terminal protein sequencing have shown elevated synthesis of the enzyme methionine sulfoxide reductase (MsrA) in Staphylococcus aureus in response to cell-wall-active antibiotics. In the present study, the S. aureus msrA gene was cloned, overexpressed, purified as His-tagged MsrA and shown(More)
The genetic mechanisms mediating the adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the host are poorly understood. The best-characterized regulatory systems in this organism include sigma factors and two-component signal transduction systems. mprAB is a two-component system required by M. tuberculosis for growth in vivo during the persistent stage of(More)
Iron is an essential nutrient for the survival and pathogenesis of bacteria, but relatively little is known regarding its transport and regulation in staphylococci. Based on the known sequences of ferric-uptake regulatory (fur) genes from several Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, a fragment containing the fur homologue was cloned from a genomic(More)
Heat-shock proteins are essential for stress tolerance and allowing organisms to survive conditions that cause protein unfolding. The role of the Staphylococcus aureus DnaK system in tolerance of various stresses was studied by disruption of dnaK by partial deletion and insertion of a kanamycin gene cassette. Deletion of dnaK in S. aureus strain COL(More)
A series of 12 Staphylococcus aureus strains of various genetic backgrounds, methicillin resistance levels, and autolytic activities were subjected to selection for the glycopeptide-intermediate S. aureus (GISA) susceptibility phenotype on increasing concentrations of vancomycin. Six strains acquired the phenotype rapidly, two did so slowly, and four failed(More)
The place of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the treatment of depression remains unclear. In this sham-controlled study we determined the efficacy and acceptability offast, left frontal rTMS given three times a week over 4-6 weeks to 29 patients with depression (79% treatment-resistant). The procedure was generally well tolerated and(More)