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Bacteria colonize the intestine shortly after birth and thereafter exert several beneficial functions, including induction of protective immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies. The distal intestine contains IgA(2), which is more resistant to bacterial proteases than is IgA(1). The mechanism by which B cells switch from IgM to IgA(2) remains unknown. We found(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic slow transit constipation is one of the most severe and often intractable forms of constipation. As motor abnormalities are thought to play an important pathogenetic role, studies have been performed on the colonic neuroenteric system, which rules the motor aspects of the viscus. AIMS We hypothesised that important neuropathological(More)
BACKGROUND A window of opportunity has been suggested for reducing the risk of celiac disease by introducing gluten to infants at 4 to 6 months of age. METHODS We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled dietary-intervention study involving 944 children who were positive for HLA-DQ2 or HLA-DQ8 and had at least one first-degree(More)
BACKGROUND Reported frequencies of celiac disease in selective IgA deficiency in childhood vary widely and this is probably due to the different characteristics of the patients studied and to the different criteria used for intestinal biopsy: all patients or only those with symptoms of malabsorption. Diagnosis of celiac disease is of considerable importance(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with celiac disease have varying degrees of damage to the small intestinal mucosa, ranging from lymphocytic duodenosis with normal villous structure to severe villous atrophy. We assessed whether the severity of mucosal lesions was associated with clinical and laboratory features of celiac disease. METHODS We compared(More)
BACKGROUND Colonic diverticular disease (diverticulosis) is a common disorder in Western countries. Although its pathogenesis is probably multifactorial, motor abnormalities of the large bowel are thought to play an important role. However, little is known about the basic mechanism that may underlie abnormal colon motility in diverticulosis. AIMS To(More)
The statements produced by the Consensus Conference on Diverticular Disease promoted by GRIMAD (Gruppo Italiano Malattia Diverticolare, Italian Group on Diverticular Diseases) are reported. Topics such as epidemiology, risk factors, diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of diverticular disease (DD) in patients with uncomplicated and complicated DD were(More)
OBJECTIVE celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated chronic inflammatory disease associated with HLA-DQ2 and DQ8 molecules. We evaluated the role of HLA in the CD diagnostic algorithm in order to contribute to the development of practical indications for the use of HLA typing. MATERIAL AND METHODS we selected 317 subjects typed for DR-DQ genes. CD was(More)
Her-2/neu is a protooncogene frequently overexpressed in breast cancer, recently found to be also overexpressed in carcinoma arising on Barrett esophagus (BE). Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are conventionally used for Her-2 testing in carcinomas, but a single assay is not yet accepted as a "gold standard" in BE. To(More)