Vincenzo Villanacci

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Various studies have described abnormalities of the enteric nervous system (ENS) in tissue samples from patients with chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). The distribution of density of the different cell types of the ENS was however not studied in a systematic way. The aim of this study was to examine the density of neurons, enteroglial(More)
A case of solitary microcarcinoid and chronic ulcerative colitis of the rectal stump is described. The association of intestinal carcinoid with ulcerative colitis has been reported previously in 26 patients. Pathogenic pathways are discussed according to the presence of multifocal carcinoid and/or gut endocrine cell hyperplasia.
BACKGROUND Enteric nervous system abnormalities have been described in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases. However, the mechanisms responsible for these abnormalities remain to date largely unknown. AIMS We investigated the potential role of apoptotic phenomena in enteric neurons and enteroglial cells in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of coeliac disease (CD) patients are not being properly diagnosed and therefore remain untreated, leading to a greater risk of developing CD-associated complications. The major genetic risk heterodimer, HLA-DQ2 and DQ8, is already used clinically to help exclude disease. However, approximately 40% of the population carry these(More)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) represent important chronic conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract in man. However, similar disorders are found in several animal species and the IBD affecting dogs are particularly important. These are encompassed by an umbrella of probably several different entities with common symptoms, some of which seem to(More)
BACKGROUND The counting of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) in the villous tips of architecturally normal small bowel biopsy specimens was proposed as a method to measure mucosal infiltration in gluten sensitive patients. AIMS To apply this straightforward method in duodenal biopsy specimens from patients affected by potential coeliac disease (PCD) to(More)
To this day intestinal biopsy is justly considered the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of coeliac disease (CD). The aim of the authors in setting up these guidelines was to assist pathologists in formulating a more precise morphological evaluation of a duodenal biopsy in the light of clinical and laboratory data, to prepare histological samples with(More)
The enteric glial cells, in addition to being support structures for the enteric nervous system, have many other additional roles, such as modulators for the homeostasis of enteric neurons, cells involved in enteric neurotransmission and antigen-presenting cells. Moreover, in the last years, data have been accumulating that demonstrate a possible active(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) plays an important role in celiac disease pathogenesis and antibodies to tTG are a diagnostic marker of gluten-sensitive enteropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the localization of tTG in the duodenal mucosa in control tissues and in different histological stages of celiac disease by using a commercial and a novel(More)