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Journals and Conferences
A detailed review on the development of quartz-enhanced photoacoustic sensors (QEPAS) for the sensitive and selective quantification of molecular trace gas species with resolved spectroscopic features is reported. The basis of the QEPAS technique, the technology available to support this field in terms of key components, such as light sources and… (More)
We compare the electronic temperatures and the population inversion both below and above the lasing threshold in three quantum-cascade lasers sQCLsd operating at 2.8 THz, 3.2 THz, and 3.8 THz using microprobe band-to-band photoluminescence. In the lasing range, while the ground-state temperature remains close to the lattice one s90 K–100 Kd, the upper… (More)
Geometrical parameters of micro-resonator for a quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy sensor are optimized to perform sensitive and background-free spectroscopic measurements using mid-IR quantum cascade laser (QCL) excitation sources. Such an optimized configuration is applied to nitric oxide (NO) detection at 1900.08 cm(-1) (5.26 µm) with a widely… (More)
A sensitive spectroscopic sensor based on a hollow-core fiber-coupled quantum cascade laser (QCL) emitting at 10.54 μm and quartz enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy (QEPAS) technique is reported. The design and realization of mid-IR fiber and coupler optics has ensured single-mode QCL beam delivery to the QEPAS sensor. The collimation optics was designed… (More)
The development and performance of a continuous wave (CW), thermoelectrically cooled (TEC) external cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) based sensor for quantitative measurements of nitric oxide (NO) concentrations in exhaled breath will be reported. Human breath contains ~ 400 different chemical species, usually at ultra low concentration levels, which… (More)
A compact widely-tunable fiber-coupled sensor for trace gas detection of hydrogen sulfide (H₂S) in the mid infrared is reported. The sensor is based on an external-cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL) tunable between 7.6 and 8.3 μm wavelengths coupled into a single-mode hollow-core waveguide. Quartz-enhanced photoacoustic spectroscopy has been selected as… (More)
We report on novel methods employing a modulation cancellation technique which result in a significantly increase in the sensitivity and accuracy of trace gas detectors. This method can be applied for isotopomer abundance quantification, temperature measurements and the detection of large molecules.
The paper provides an overview on the use of photoacoustic sensors based on semiconductor laser sources for the detection of trace gases. We review the results obtained using standard, differential and quartz enhanced photoacoustic techniques.
We report on single mode optical transmission of hollow core glass waveguides (HWG) coupled with an external cavity mid-IR quantum cascade lasers (QCLs). The QCL mode results perfectly matched to the hybrid HE(11) waveguide mode and the higher losses TE-like modes have efficiently suppressed by the deposited inner dielectric coating. Optical losses down to… (More)
An innovative quartz enhanced photoacoustic (QEPAS) gas sensing system operating in the THz spectral range and employing a custom quartz tuning fork (QTF) is described. The QTF dimensions are 3.3 cm × 0.4 cm × 0.8 cm, with the two prongs spaced by ∼800 μm. To test our sensor we used a quantum cascade laser as the light source and selected a methanol… (More)