Vincenzo Sorrentino

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BACKGROUND Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a genetic arrhythmogenic disorder characterized by stress-induced, bidirectional ventricular tachycardia that may degenerate into cardiac arrest and cause sudden death. The electrocardiographic pattern of this ventricular tachycardia closely resembles the arrhythmias associated with calcium(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are intracellular calcium release channels that participate in controlling cytosolic calcium levels. At variance with the probably ubiquitous inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-operated calcium channels (1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors), RyRs have been mainly regarded as the calcium release channels controlling skeletal and cardiac muscle(More)
Assembly of specialized membrane domains, both of the plasma membrane and of the ER, is necessary for the physiological activity of striated muscle cells. The mechanisms that mediate the structural organization of the sarcoplasmic reticulum with respect to the myofibrils are, however, not known. We report here that ank1.5, a small splice variant of the ank1(More)
We have cloned a novel c-kit mRNA of 3.2 kb expressed in postmeiotic male germ cells. This transcript initiates in the genomic region immediately upstream of the exon coding for the second box of the split c-kit tyrosine kinase domain. The open reading frame (ORF) contains 12 novel amino acids in frame with the C-terminal 190 amino acids of the c-kit(More)
Intracellular Ca(2+) levels control both contraction and relaxation in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Ca(2+)-dependent relaxation is mediated by discretely localized Ca(2+) release events through ryanodine receptor (RyR) channels in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). These local increases in Ca(2+) concentration, termed sparks, stimulate nearby(More)
The skeletal isoform of Ca2+ release channel, RyR1, plays a central role in activation of skeletal muscle contraction. Another isoform, RyR3, has been observed recently in some mammalian skeletal muscles, but whether it participates in regulating skeletal muscle contraction is not known. The expression of RyR3 in skeletal muscles was studied in mice from(More)
In contrast to the preponderance of affected males in families with X-linked mental retardation, Rett syndrome (RTT) is a neurological disorder occurring almost exclusively in females. The near complete absence of affected males in RTT families has been explained by the lethal effect of an X-linked gene mutation in hemizygous affected males. We report here(More)
Ryanodine receptors are intracellular Ca2+ channels that have been known for more than a decade to have a role in releasing Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum to regulate contraction in skeletal and cardiac muscle fibres. Vincenzo Sorrentino and Pompeo Volpe review some recent developments: the ryanodine receptor channels have now been found to be(More)
In patients with type 2 diabetes, reduced levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells have been reported and these have been correlated with disease severity. In this study, we examined a panel of markers widely used to identify progenitor and/or stem cells, and determined their association with disease severity in diabetic patients. Since expression(More)
Astrocyte motility plays an important role in the response of the brain to injury and during regeneration. We used two in vitro assays, a wound-healing model and a chemotaxis assay, to study mechanisms that control astrocyte motility. Ryanodine receptors (RyR), intracellular calcium-release channels, modulate intracellular Ca2+ levels, and also motility: 1)(More)