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Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are intracellular calcium release channels that participate in controlling cytosolic calcium levels. At variance with the probably ubiquitous inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate-operated calcium channels (1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors), RyRs have been mainly regarded as the calcium release channels controlling skeletal and cardiac muscle(More)
Single-channel analysis of sarcoplasmic reticulum vesicles prepared from diaphragm muscle, which contains both RyR1 and RyR3 isoforms, revealed the presence of two functionally distinct ryanodine receptor calcium release channels. In addition to channels with properties typical of RyR1 channels, a second population of ryanodine-sensitive channels with(More)
In this study, we have tested the hypothesis that augmented [Ca(2+)] in subcellular regions or organelles, which are known to play a key role in cell survival, is the missing link between Ca(2+) homeostasis alterations and muscular degeneration associated with muscular dystrophy. To this end, different targeted chimeras of the Ca(2+)-sensitive photoprotein(More)
Striated muscle represents one of the best models for studies on Ca(2+) signalling. However, although much is known on the localisation and molecular interactions of the ryanodine receptors (RyRs), far less is known on the localisation and on the molecular interactions of the inositol trisphosphate receptors (InsP(3)Rs) in striated muscle cells. Recently,(More)
The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skeletal muscle cells is a convoluted structure composed of a variety of tubules and cisternae, which share a continuous lumen delimited by a single continuous membrane, branching to form a network that surrounds each myofibril. In this network, some specific domains basically represented by the longitudinal SR and the(More)
Deletion of the ryanodine receptor type 3 (RyR3) results in specific changes in hippocampal synaptic plasticity, without affecting hippocampal morphology, basal synaptic transmission or presynaptic function. Robust long-term potentiation (LTP) induced by repeated, strong tetanization in the CA1 region and in the dentate gyrus was unaltered in hippocampal(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are intracellular channels that release calcium ions from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in response to either plasma membrane depolarization (in skeletal muscle) or increases in the concentration of intracellular free Ca2+ (in the heart). A gene (beta 4) encoding a ryanodine receptor (similar to, but distinct from, the muscle(More)
Activation of intracellular Ca(2+)-release channels/ryanodine receptors (RyRs) is a fundamental step in the regulation of muscle contraction. In mammalian skeletal muscle, Ca(2+)-release channels containing the type 1 isoform of RyR (RyR1) open to release Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) upon stimulation by the voltage-activated dihydropyridine(More)
Short-lived, localized Ca(2+) events mediate Ca(2+) signaling with high efficiency and great fidelity largely as a result of the close proximity between Ca(2+)-permeable ion channels and their molecular targets. However, in most cases, direct evidence of the spatial relationship between these two types of molecules is lacking, and, thus, mechanistic(More)