Vincenzo Sgrò

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PURPOSE The chromosome 20 ring [r(20)] is a rare chromosomal disorder without clear phenotypical markers. We describe the electroclinical pattern in a group of patients with r(20). METHODS We observed 3 patients (a boy, patient 1; his mother, patient 2; and an unrelated man, patient 3), performing prolonged video-EEG and cytogenetic studies and(More)
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) ingestion is known to increase plasma glutamate concentration, and MSG infusion stimulates insulin secretion. We investigated the impact of MSG ingestion on both the plasma and intramuscular amino acid pools. Nine postprandial adults ingested MSG (150 mg/kg) and rested for 105 min. Venous blood was sampled preingestion and then(More)
The electroclinical picture and nosological limits of benign partial epilepsy of childhood with rolandic spikes (BERS) have been better defined by nocturnal sleep records. In all stages of sleep, there is a significant increase in frequency and amplitude of rolandic spikes (RS) without change of their morphology. Another interesting observation is the(More)
We report the fourth case of partial status epilepticus (SE) in benign epilepsy of childhood with rolandic spikes (BECRS). The child suffered long-lasting attacks involving the mouth and pharynx, clinically manifest as speech arrest, sialorrhea, and drooling. Both clinical and electroencephalogram (EEG) data were compatible with the diagnosis of BECRS. Only(More)
We report an electroclinical and cytogenetic study of 4 patients with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS). In all cases, we observed a stereotyped EEG and clinical picture characterized by generalized or unilateral myoclonic seizures followed later by brief atypical absences. Electrographically, these were accompanied by a sequence of centroparietal or(More)
The authors report the case of a girl with achondroplasia suffering from a progressively worsening hypotonic quadriparesis. CT scan showed slight dilatation of ventricular and subarachnoid spaces, with well-defined evidence of cortical sulci and gyri. This aspect was compatible with the diagnosis of macrocrania and megalencephaly (CP being 51 cm). The(More)
PURPOSE Several studies attempted to clarify the genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with inverted duplication of chromosome 15 [inv dup(15)], which is usually characterized by severe mental retardation and epilepsy in individuals with large duplications including the Prader-Willi/Angelman region. We report two patients with inv dup(15) who, in(More)
Infantile Huntington's disease (HD) shows a wide clinical heterogeneity. Here we describe the case of a child affected by HD who showed unusual neurological features consistent with tourettism. The absence of family history and persisting normal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results long after the onset of symptoms delayed the diagnosis of the disease.(More)
PURPOSE To delineate the electroclinical features of patients with partial seizures in adolescence with a benign outcome. METHODS Patients were recruited in five different Italian epilepsy centers. Patients were selected among those with partial seizures between ages 11 and 17 years. We excluded benign childhood epilepsies, those with neurologic or mental(More)