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Heart dysfunction in chronic diabetes has been observed to be associated with depressed myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase activities as well as abnormalities in the sarcoplasmic reticular and sarcolemmal calcium transport processes. The evidence has been presented to show that alterations in the expression of myosin isozymes and regulatory proteins as(More)
The effect of phosphatidylethanolamine N-methylation on Na+-Ca2+ exchange was studied in sarcolemmal vesicles isolated from rat heart. Phosphatidylethanolamine N-methylation following incubation of membranes with S-adenosyl-L-methionine, a methyl donor for the enzymatic N-methylation, inhibited Nai+-dependent Ca2+ uptake by about 50%. The N-methylation(More)
The transmethylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) to phosphatidylcholine (PC) was studied in rat heart sarcolemmal membrane. Kinetically, three apparent Km values for S-adenosyl-L-methionine (AdoMet) were obtained when the total [3H]methyl groups incorporation into the phospholipids was examined in the presence of 0.01-250 microM AdoMet. A first(More)
Rat heart sarcolemma was shown to hydrolyze ATP in the presence of Ca2+ or Mg2+; Ka values for Ca2+ and Mg2+ were in the range of 0.58-0.67 and 0.72-0.83 mM, whereas Vmax values were 33-38 and 21-28 mumol Pi/mg per hr, respectively. Both Ca2+ ATPase and Mg2+ ATPase showed low- and high-affinity sites for ATP; the Km value for the low-affinity sites for both(More)
Phosphatidylethanolamine N-methylation was studied in cardiac sarcolemma 8 weeks after the induction of chronic experimental diabetes in rats by a streptozotocin injection (65 mg/kg, iv). Incorporation of radiolabeled methyl groups from S-adenosyl-L-methionine into intramembranal phosphatidylethanolamine, assayed under optimal conditions, confirmed the(More)
Incubation of purified cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles (SL) in the presence of S-adenosyl-L-methionine, a methyl donor for the enzymatic N-methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), increased the Ca2+-stimulated ATPase and ATP-dependent Ca2+ accumulation activities. Quantitative analysis of the methylated phospholipids revealed that maximal increase of(More)
The phospholipase D (PL D), which catalyzes the formation of phosphatidic acid (PA), was studied in rat myocardium using 14C-labelled phosphatidylcholine (PC) as an exogenous substrate. Subcellular distribution experiments indicated the presence of PL D in particulate fractions only. Different procedures for the isolation of purified cardiac subcellular(More)
Although phosphatidic acid (PA) is mainly formed due to the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by myocardial phospholipase D, its functional significance in the heart is not fully understood. The present study was designed to determine the effects of PA on intracellular free Ca2+ level ([Ca2+]i) in freshly isolated adult rat cardiomyocytes by using fura(More)
To evaluate changes in heart sarcolemmal phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) N-methylation, left ventricular hypertrophy was induced in rabbits by banding the abdominal aorta for 4, 8, 14, and 22 wk. The degree of cardiac hypertrophy did not change over the period of time studied. Three catalytic sites involved in the sequential methyl transfer reactions were(More)
This study examined the role of fatty acids on the phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D (PLD) function of purified sarcolemmal (SL) membranes isolated from rat hearts. The enzyme's hydrolytic activity was determined by measuring [14C] phosphatidic acid formation from exogenous [14C] phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) in the absence or presence of the(More)