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Spontaneous rhythmic activity in mammalian heart and brain depends on pacemaker currents (I(h)), which are produced by hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. Here, we report that the mouse HCN2 pacemaker channel isoform also produced a large instantaneous current (I(inst(HCN2))) in addition to the well characterized, slowly(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have shown that the common single nucleotide polymorphism rs6800541 located in SCN10A, encoding the voltage-gated Nav1.8 sodium channel, is associated with PR-interval prolongation and atrial fibrillation (AF). Single nucleotide polymorphism rs6800541 is in high linkage disequilibrium with the nonsynonymous variant(More)
Episodic Ataxia Type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodes of ataxia and myokymia. It is associated with mutations in the KCNA1 voltage-gated potassium channel gene. In the present study, we describe a family with novel clinical features including persistent cerebellar dysfunction, cerebellar atrophy, and cognitive delay. All(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits produce a slowly activating current in response to hyperpolarization (If) and an instantaneous voltage-independent current (Iinst) when expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Here we found that a mutation in the S4-S5 linker of HCN2 (Y331D) produced an additional mixed cationic(More)
Pacemaker channels are formed by co-assembly of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits. Previously, we suggested that the NH(2) termini of the mouse HCN2 isoform were important for subunit co-assembly and functional channel expression. Using an alignment strategy together with yeast two-hybrid assays, patch clamp(More)
Despite permeability to both K(+) and Na(+), hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) pacemaker channels contain the K(+) channel signature sequence, GYG, within the selectivity filter of the pore. Here, we show that this region is involved in regulating gating in a mouse isoform of the pacemaker channel (mHCN2). A mutation in the GYG(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia, and a recent genome-wide association study identified the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 4 (HCN4) as a novel AF susceptibility locus. HCN4 encodes for the cardiac pacemaker channel, and HCN4 mutations are associated with familial sinus bradycardia and AF. (More)
Previous studies have suggested that a portion of the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain (CNBD) of the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 2 (HCN2) "pacemaker" channel, composed of the A- and B-helices and the interceding beta-barrel, confers two functions: inhibition of channel opening in response to hyperpolarization and promotion of(More)
BACKGROUND A recent genome-wide association study identified a susceptibility locus for atrial fibrillation at the KCNN3 gene. Since the KCNN3 gene encodes for a small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel, we hypothesized that overexpression of the SK3 channel increases susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS We characterized(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels resemble Shaker K+ channels in structure and function. In both, changes in membrane voltage produce directionally similar movement of positively charged residues in the voltage sensor to alter the pore structure at the intracellular side and gate ion flow. However, HCNs open when(More)