Vincenzo Macri

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Spontaneous rhythmic activity in mammalian heart and brain depends on pacemaker currents (I(h)), which are produced by hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. Here, we report that the mouse HCN2 pacemaker channel isoform also produced a large instantaneous current (I(inst(HCN2))) in addition to the well characterized, slowly(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits produce a slowly activating current in response to hyperpolarization (If) and an instantaneous voltage-independent current (Iinst) when expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Here we found that a mutation in the S4-S5 linker of HCN2 (Y331D) produced an additional mixed cationic(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have shown that the common single nucleotide polymorphism rs6800541 located in SCN10A, encoding the voltage-gated Nav1.8 sodium channel, is associated with PR-interval prolongation and atrial fibrillation (AF). Single nucleotide polymorphism rs6800541 is in high linkage disequilibrium with the nonsynonymous variant(More)
Despite permeability to both K(+) and Na(+), hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) pacemaker channels contain the K(+) channel signature sequence, GYG, within the selectivity filter of the pore. Here, we show that this region is involved in regulating gating in a mouse isoform of the pacemaker channel (mHCN2). A mutation in the GYG(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia, and a recent genome-wide association study identified the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 4 (HCN4) as a novel AF susceptibility locus. HCN4 encodes for the cardiac pacemaker channel, and HCN4 mutations are associated with familial sinus bradycardia and AF. (More)
Pacemaker channels are formed by co-assembly of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits. Previously, we suggested that the NH(2) termini of the mouse HCN2 isoform were important for subunit co-assembly and functional channel expression. Using an alignment strategy together with yeast two-hybrid assays, patch clamp(More)
Episodic Ataxia Type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodes of ataxia and myokymia. It is associated with mutations in the KCNA1 voltage-gated potassium channel gene. In the present study, we describe a family with novel clinical features including persistent cerebellar dysfunction, cerebellar atrophy, and cognitive delay. All(More)
Previous studies have suggested that a portion of the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain (CNBD) of the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel 2 (HCN2) "pacemaker" channel, composed of the A- and B-helices and the interceding beta-barrel, confers two functions: inhibition of channel opening in response to hyperpolarization and promotion of(More)
BACKGROUND A recent genome-wide association study identified a susceptibility locus for atrial fibrillation at the KCNN3 gene. Since the KCNN3 gene encodes for a small conductance calcium-activated potassium channel, we hypothesized that overexpression of the SK3 channel increases susceptibility to cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS We characterized(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated Cyclic Nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels are similar in structure and function to voltage-gated potassium channels. Sequence similarity and functional analyses suggest that the HCN pore is potassium channel-like, consisting of a selectivity filter and an activation gate at the outer and inner ends, respectively. In(More)