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Spontaneous rhythmic activity in mammalian heart and brain depends on pacemaker currents (I(h)), which are produced by hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels. Here, we report that the mouse HCN2 pacemaker channel isoform also produced a large instantaneous current (I(inst(HCN2))) in addition to the well characterized, slowly(More)
Episodic Ataxia Type 1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by episodes of ataxia and myokymia. It is associated with mutations in the KCNA1 voltage-gated potassium channel gene. In the present study, we describe a family with novel clinical features including persistent cerebellar dysfunction, cerebellar atrophy, and cognitive delay. All(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits produce a slowly activating current in response to hyperpolarization (If) and an instantaneous voltage-independent current (Iinst) when expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Here we found that a mutation in the S4-S5 linker of HCN2 (Y331D) produced an additional mixed cationic(More)
Despite permeability to both K(+) and Na(+), hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) pacemaker channels contain the K(+) channel signature sequence, GYG, within the selectivity filter of the pore. Here, we show that this region is involved in regulating gating in a mouse isoform of the pacemaker channel (mHCN2). A mutation in the GYG(More)
Pacemaker channels are formed by co-assembly of hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) subunits. Previously, we suggested that the NH(2) termini of the mouse HCN2 isoform were important for subunit co-assembly and functional channel expression. Using an alignment strategy together with yeast two-hybrid assays, patch clamp(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels resemble Shaker K+ channels in structure and function. In both, changes in membrane voltage produce directionally similar movement of positively charged residues in the voltage sensor to alter the pore structure at the intracellular side and gate ion flow. However, HCNs open when(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated Cyclic Nucleotide-modulated (HCN) channels are similar in structure and function to voltage-gated potassium channels. Sequence similarity and functional analyses suggest that the HCN pore is potassium channel-like, consisting of a selectivity filter and an activation gate at the outer and inner ends, respectively. In(More)
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