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We applied repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in order to induce interference on visuo-spatial perception in 11 healthy subjects. Subjects performed a visuo-spatial task requiring judgements about the symmetry of prebisected lines. Visual stimuli consisted of symmetrically or asymmetrically transected lines, tachystoscopically presented for(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate whether low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the unaffected hemisphere can ameliorate visuospatial neglect. We treated three right brain damaged patients with left neglect. 900 pulses (1 Hz frequency) were given over left posterior parietal cortex every other day for 2 weeks. Patients(More)
To verify the role of interhemispheric influences on manifestations of neglect, the authors investigated the effects of a transient repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)-induced disruption of the unaffected hemisphere on contralesional visuospatial neglect in two left- and five right-brain-damaged patients. Parietal rTMS of the unaffected(More)
Recently some authors have challenged the conventional association of directional motor neglect with damage of frontal structures, showing that pure sensory perceptual neglect (classically associated with parietal lesion) can follow damage of right frontal cortex. The aim of the present study was to assess the type of defect in visuo-spatial attention(More)
The aim of the study was to assess if the observation of single or more complex muscle movements activates the premotor cortex in man. We stimulated by transcranial magnetic stimulation the right and left motor cortex recording from the abductor pollicis brevis of eight normal subjects, during observation of different movements performed by the examiner:(More)
A neurophysiological (SEP, VEP) follow-up study was carried out in 30 diabetic patients with type I diabetes mellitus of ten or more years duration. This in order to investigate whether one year of improved glucoregulation may influence the progression of central damage. In our series, patients showed a significant decrement of HbA1C levels (p < 0.05) in(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of two different high doses of intravenous methylprednisolone (IVMP) during Multiple Sclerosis (MS) relapses. BACKGROUND Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is the most sensitive neurophysiological ascertainment to quantify motor disability, to follow the recovery from an MS relapse, and to detect the response to(More)
We performed clinical, radiological (MRI) and neurophysiological (NCV, SEPs, and BAEPs) investigations in 36 unselected patients affected by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). Fifteen patients (42%) presented clear neurological events and were considered as definite neuropsychiatric lupus (NPLE); 21 (58%) presented minor subjective complaints or no(More)
To further define motor nervous system alterations in myotonic dystrophy (MD), motor potentials to transcranial and cervical magnetic stimulation (MEPs) were recorded from the right abductor pollicis brevis muscle in 10 patients with MD and in 10 healthy controls. Cortical and cervical latencies, central motor conduction time (CMCT), stimulus threshold(More)
OBJECTIVE Focal transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was used to study the motor maps of upper limb muscles in 7 adult patients with a history of paralytic poliomyelitis. The aim of the study was to verify the potential for long-term cortical reorganization of a selective peripheral motor neuron lesion suffered early in life. METHODS Patient selection(More)