Vincenzo Giancotti

Learn More
The HMGA2 protein belongs to the HMGA family of architectural transcription factors, which play an important role in chromatin organization. HMGA proteins are overexpressed in several experimental and human tumors and have been implicated in the process of neoplastic transformation. Hmga2 knockout results in the pygmy phenotype in mice and in a decreased(More)
Elevated expression of the three high-mobility group I (HMGI) proteins (HMGI, HMGY, and HMGI-C) has previously been correlated with the presence of a highly malignant phenotype in epithelial and fibroblastic rat thyroid cells and in experimental thyroid, lung, mammary, and skin carcinomas. Northern (RNA) blot and run-on analyses demonstrated that the(More)
Two-dimensional electrophoresis has been used to document changes in nuclear proteins following viral transformation of an epithelial cell line exhibiting differentiation markers. After transformation, these markers are lost, and the cells become tumorigenic and capable of growth in soft agar. A sharp rise in the phosphorylation of histones H1, H2A, and(More)
We measured, by immunohistochemistry, HMGA1 protein expression in 212 breast tissue specimens: 6 normal samples, 28 hyperplastic lesions (13 with cellular atypia), 11 fibroadenomas, 10 in situ ductal carcinomas, 144 ductal carcinomas, and 13 lobular carcinomas. HMGA1 was not expressed in normal breast tissue; HMGA1 staining was intense in 40% of(More)
High mobility group A 1 (HMGA1) proteins are chromatinic factors, which are absent or expressed at very low levels in normal adult tissues, while they are over-expressed in several human malignant tumors. In this study, HMGA1 protein expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry in a series of 44 epithelial ovarian specimens, which included four(More)
HMGA1 is an architectural transcription factor expressed at high levels in transformed cells and tumors. Several lines of evidence indicate that HMGA1 up-regulation is involved in the malignant transformation of thyroid epithelial cells. However, the mechanisms underlying the effect of HMGA1 on thyroid cancer cell phenotype are not fully understood. We now(More)
High Mobility Group A (HMGA) is a family of architectural nuclear factors which play an important role in neoplastic transformation. HMGA proteins are multifunctional factors that associate both with DNA and nuclear proteins that have been involved in several nuclear processes including transcription. HMGA localization is exclusively nuclear but, to date,(More)
Cancer is a very heterogeneous disease, and biological variability adds a further level of complexity, thus limiting the ability to identify new genes involved in cancer development. Oncogenes whose expression levels control cell aggressiveness are very useful for developing cellular models that permit differential expression screenings in isogenic(More)
Hyperplastic or neoplastic proliferativi' lésions of thyroid follicular epithelium consist of a spectrum, ranging from nodular hyperplasia to undifferentiated (anaplastic) carcinoma, and usually present as palpable thyroid nodules. Thyroid nodules are a common occurrence in the general population, but only a small proportion of them are eventually(More)
  • 1