Vincenzo E. A. Russo

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We have cloned the al-2 gene of Neurospora crassa and have analyzed its structure and regulation. The gene encodes a 603-residue polypeptide with a segment homologous to prokaryotic and other eukaryotic phytoene synthases. RNA measurements showed that the level of al-2 mRNA increased over 30-fold in photoinduced mycelia compared with dark-grown mycelia.(More)
Carotenoid biosynthesis is regulated by blue light during growth of Neurospora crassa mycelia. We have cloned the al-1 gene of N. crassa encoding the carotenoid-biosynthetic enzyme phytoene dehydrogenase and present an analysis of its structure and regulation. The gene encodes a 595-residue polypeptide that shows homology to two procaryotic carotenoid(More)
The surface of many fungal spores is covered by a hydrophobic sheath termed the rodlet layer. We have determined that the rodlet protein of Neurospora crassa is encoded by a cloned gene designated bli-7, and that bli-7 is identical to the known gene eas (easily wettable). Using eas DNA as a probe we show that eas mRNA is abundant in illuminated mycelia and(More)
The human amyloid protein precursor (APP) gene correlates with early onset of Alzheimer's disease in humans. We have identified two APP homologues in zebrafish, which we call appa and appb. They show a high degree of identity to human APP particularly in the βAPP42 and the transmembrane domain. Widespread expression of both appa and appb was detected from(More)
When low concentrations (e.g. 10-6 M) of labelled 3-indoleacetic acid (14C-IAA) or α-naphthaleneacetic acid (14C-NAA) are added in vitro to homogenates of corn coleoptiles, radioactivity is reversibly bound to pelletable particles. From the saturation kinetics of the binding it is possible to estimate an apparent K M between 10-6 M and 10-5 M and a(More)
Several physiological reactions including the sexual differentiation of the ascomycete Neurospora crassa are triggered by blue light. Mutants in the white-collar genes wc-1 and wc-2 are blind for all the blue light effects tested so far. We have previously shown that blue light induces some translatable mRNAs at different times after beginning the(More)
Ove mutants in the moss Physcomitrella patens can arise from different recessive mutations. These mutants display a much larger number of buds than the wild type (wt) due to a dramatic overproduction of cytokinins (Cks), which are released into the culture medium (T.L. Wang, R. Horgan, D.J. Cove [1981] Plant Physiol 68: 735-738). The amounts of(More)
The moss Physcomitrella patens, which is a land plant with efficient homologous recombination, encodes two Rad51 proteins (PpaRad51.1 and PpaRad51.2). The PpaRad51.1 and PpaRad51.2 proteins, which share 94 % identity between them, interact with themselves and with each other. Both proteins bind ssDNA and dsDNA in a Mg(2+) and pH-dependent manner, with a(More)
Genetic recombination pathways and genes are well studied, but relatively little is known in plants, especially in lower plants. To study the recombination apparatus of a lower land plant, a recombination gene well characterized particularly in yeast, mouse, and man, the RAD51 gene, was isolated from the moss Physcomitrella patens and characterized. Two(More)
A plasmid construct carrying the hygromycin phosphotransferase (hph) gene fused to the expression elements of the trpC gene of Aspergillus nidulans was used to obtain hygromycin B (Hyg)-resistant transformants of Neurospora crassa. The plasmid does not have any homology with the N. crassa genome. Here we demonstrate that most of the transformants arise from(More)