Vincenzo Dinallo

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Neuronal upregulation of the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene appears to be a crucial factor for the efficacy of antidepressants. However, besides neurons, little information is present on the modulation of BDNF by antidepressants at RNA and protein levels in other cell types of the central nervous system. Glial cells are able to store and(More)
The paper reports preliminary results of a study in order to verify that saliva is a bio-fluid sensitive to metabolite variations due to stress and fatigue in soccer athletes, and possibly, to identify potential markers of test of performance. Saliva samples of fourteen professional soccer players were collected before and after the stressful physical(More)
BACKGROUND In the central nervous system, several neuropeptides are believed to be involved in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among them, neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a small peptide widely distributed throughout the brain, where it serves as a neurotransmitter and/or a modulator of several neuroendocrine functions. More recently, NPY has(More)
BACKGROUND Busulfan (Bu) is an integral part of conditioning regimens for patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA) undergoing transplantation. Patients with SCA might predispose to transplant-related neurological and pulmonary toxicities due to pre-existing disease-related cerebrovascular and lung injury. Bu therapy appears to be an important contributing(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the extracellular deposit of Amyloid beta (Aβ), mainly of the Amyloid beta1–42 (Aβ1–42) peptide in the hippocampus and neocortex leading to progressive cognitive decline and dementia. The possible imbalance between the Aβ production/degradation process was suggested to(More)
In Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the tissue-damaging destructive immune response is sustained by defects of counterregulatory mechanisms, which normally attenuate inflammatory pathways and promote repair of mucosal injury. One such mechanism involves transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a cytokine that is produced by multiple cell types and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Environmental factors are supposed to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases [IBDs]. Increased dietary salt intake has been linked with the development of autoimmune diseases, but the impact of a salt-enriched diet on the course of IBD remains unknown. In this study, we examined whether high salt intake(More)
Fibrostrictures (FS) are a major complication of Crohn's disease (CD). Pathogenesis of FS is not fully understood, but activation of fibroblasts and excessive collagen deposition are crucial in the development of FS. Here, we investigated the role of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) in intestinal fibrosis. AhR RNA and protein expression were evaluated in(More)
BACKGROUND The etiology of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), the two major forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in humans, is still unknown, but evidence suggests that genetic and environmental factors interact to promote an excessive immune response that leads to tissue damage. Defects in the counter-regulatory mechanisms are also(More)
Background and Aims The chemokine CCL20 is over-produced in epithelium of Crohn's disease [CD] patients and contributes to recruiting immune cells to inflamed gut. Tumour necrosis factor-α [TNF-α] is a powerful inducer of CCL20 in intestinal epithelial cells. In CD, high levels of Smad7 block the activity of transforming growth factor-β1 [TGF-β1], a(More)