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Astrocytes respond to chemical, electrical and mechanical stimuli with transient increases in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). We now show that astrocytes in situ display intrinsic [Ca2+]i oscillations that are not driven by neuronal activity. These spontaneous astrocytic oscillations can propagate as waves to neighboring astrocytes and(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the thalamus has mainly been associated with the inhibitory modulation of the sensory and cortical flow of information via a 'classical', chloride-dependent, GABAA receptor-mediated action. However, the discovery of a late, long-lasting potassium-dependent inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) mediated by GABAB receptors(More)
1. In vivo extracellular and intracellular recordings were performed from thalamocortical (TC) neurones in a genetic model of absence epilepsy (genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg) during spontaneous spike and wave discharges (SWDs). 2. Extracellularly recorded single units (n = 14) fired either a single action potential or a high frequency burst(More)
1. Low-frequency membrane potential oscillations recorded intracellularly from thalamocortical (TC) cells of the rat and cat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and of the rat ventrobasal nucleus (VB) maintained in vitro were investigated. On the basis of their electrophysiological and pharmacological properties, four types of activity were(More)
The slow (<1 Hz) rhythm, the most important electroencephalogram (EEG) signature of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, is generally viewed as originating exclusively from neocortical networks. Here we argue that the full manifestation of this fundamental sleep oscillation in a corticothalamic module requires the dynamic interaction of three cardinal(More)
Tonic GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition is typically generated by delta subunit-containing extrasynaptic receptors. Because the delta subunit is highly expressed in the thalamus, we tested whether thalamocortical (TC) neurons of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and ventrobasal complex exhibit tonic inhibition. Focal application of gabazine(More)
Childhood absence epilepsy is an idiopathic, generalized non-convulsive epilepsy with a multifactorial genetic aetiology. Molecular-genetic analyses of affected human families and experimental models, together with neurobiological investigations, have led to important breakthroughs in the identification of candidate genes and loci, and potential(More)
1. The characteristics of a transient inward Ca2+ current (IT) underlying low-threshold Ca2+ potentials were studied in projection cells of the cat and rat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) in vitro using the single-electrode voltage-clamp technique. 2. In cat LGN slices perfused at 25 degrees C with a solution which included 1 mM-Ca2+ and 3 mM-Mg2+,(More)
1. The contribution of a slow, mixed Na(+)-K+, inward rectifying current (Ih) and the T-type Ca2+ current (IT) (that underlies low-threshold Ca2+ potentials) to the low-frequency oscillations observed in rat and cat thalamocortical (TC) cells in vitro was studied using current clamp and single-electrode voltage clamp recordings. 2. From a holding potential(More)
1. Hyperpolarizing potentials evoked by electrical stimulation of the optic tract were studied in projection cells of the rat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) in vitro. In the same cells the effects of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), baclofen and acetylcholine (ACh) were also investigated. 2. In the majority of cells a short- (SHP) (34 ms) and a(More)