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Astrocytes respond to chemical, electrical and mechanical stimuli with transient increases in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i). We now show that astrocytes in situ display intrinsic [Ca2+]i oscillations that are not driven by neuronal activity. These spontaneous astrocytic oscillations can propagate as waves to neighboring astrocytes and(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the thalamus has mainly been associated with the inhibitory modulation of the sensory and cortical flow of information via a 'classical', chloride-dependent, GABAA receptor-mediated action. However, the discovery of a late, long-lasting potassium-dependent inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) mediated by GABAB receptors(More)
1. Low-frequency membrane potential oscillations recorded intracellularly from thalamocortical (TC) cells of the rat and cat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) and of the rat ventrobasal nucleus (VB) maintained in vitro were investigated. On the basis of their electrophysiological and pharmacological properties, four types of activity were(More)
1. In vivo extracellular and intracellular recordings were performed from thalamocortical (TC) neurones in a genetic model of absence epilepsy (genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg) during spontaneous spike and wave discharges (SWDs). 2. Extracellularly recorded single units (n = 14) fired either a single action potential or a high frequency burst(More)
1. The contribution of a slow, mixed Na(+)-K+, inward rectifying current (Ih) and the T-type Ca2+ current (IT) (that underlies low-threshold Ca2+ potentials) to the low-frequency oscillations observed in rat and cat thalamocortical (TC) cells in vitro was studied using current clamp and single-electrode voltage clamp recordings. 2. From a holding potential(More)
1. Hyperpolarizing potentials evoked by electrical stimulation of the optic tract were studied in projection cells of the rat dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) in vitro. In the same cells the effects of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), baclofen and acetylcholine (ACh) were also investigated. 2. In the majority of cells a short- (SHP) (34 ms) and a(More)
Childhood absence epilepsy is an idiopathic, generalized non-convulsive epilepsy with a multifactorial genetic aetiology. Molecular-genetic analyses of affected human families and experimental models, together with neurobiological investigations, have led to important breakthroughs in the identification of candidate genes and loci, and potential(More)
The slow (<1 Hz) rhythm, the most important electroencephalogram (EEG) signature of non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, is generally viewed as originating exclusively from neocortical networks. Here we argue that the full manifestation of this fundamental sleep oscillation in a corticothalamic module requires the dynamic interaction of three cardinal(More)
During development, astrocytes in the ventrobasal thalamus display spontaneous intracellular calcium [Ca(2+)](i) oscillations, that can lead to the excitation of adjacent thalamocortical neurons via an NMDA receptor-mediated mechanism. In this study, we show that while astrocytes usually exhibit oscillations of irregular amplitude and frequency, a subset of(More)
This study reports the first intracellular recordings obtained during spontaneous, genetically determined spike and wave discharges (SWDs) in nucleus reticularis thalami (NRT) neurons from the genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS), a model that closely reproduces the typical features of childhood absence seizures. A SWD started with a large(More)