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We examined the effects of hair cycle phase on basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tumorigenesis induced by radiation in mice lacking one Patched allele (Ptc1(neo67/+)). Our results show that Ptc1(neo67/+) mouse skin irradiated in early anagen is highly susceptible to tumor induction, as a 3.2-fold incidence of visible BCC-like tumors was observed in(More)
Experimental data on the incidence of solid tumors from various long-term mouse studies performed at the Casaccia laboratories over several years were reconsidered, limiting the analysis to the results available for doses equal to or less than 17 cGy of neutrons and 32 cGy of X rays since these dose limits are reasonably close to the generally accepted(More)
The central dogma of radiation biology, that biological effects of ionizing radiation are a direct consequence of DNA damage occurring in irradiated cells, has been challenged by observations that genetic/epigenetic changes occur in unexposed "bystander cells" neighboring directly-hit cells, due to cell-to-cell communication or soluble factors released by(More)
The patched (Ptc1) protein is a negative regulator of sonic hedgehog signaling, a genetic pathway whose perturbation causes developmental defects and predisposition to specific malignant tumors. Humans and mice with mutated Ptc1 are prone to medulloblastoma and basal cell carcinoma (BCC), both tumors showing dependence on radiation damage for rapid onset(More)
Pathbase is a database that stores images of the abnormal histology associated with spontaneous and induced mutations of both embryonic and adult mice including those produced by transgenesis, targeted mutagenesis and chemical mutagenesis. Images of normal mouse histology and strain-dependent background lesions are also available. The database and the(More)
Individuals affected with the Gorlin syndrome inherit a germ-line mutation of the patched (Ptc1) developmental gene and, analogously to Ptc1 heterozygous mice, show an increased susceptibility to spontaneous tumor development. Human and mouse Ptc1 heterozygotes (Ptc1(+/-)) are also hypersensitive to ionizing radiation (IR)-induced tumorigenesis in terms of(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in Patched (Ptch1) are implicated in constitutive activation of the Sonic hedgehog pathway in human basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), and inherited Ptch1 mutations underlie basal cell nevus syndrome in which a typical feature is multiple BCC occurring with greater incidence in portals of radiotherapy. Mice in which one copy of Ptch1(More)
Car-R (carcinogenesis-resistant) and Car-S (carcinogenesis-susceptible) outbred mice, obtained by phenotypic selection from an initial intercross of eight inbred strains, show a >100-fold difference in their susceptibility to two-stage skin tumorigenesis. We found that the lines carry a high degree of genetic polymorphism, with an average heterozygosity of(More)
We described previously a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and medulloblastoma (MB) phenotype for CD1Ptch1(neo67/+) mice exposed to ionizing radiation. Ptch1 heterozygous mice mimic the predisposition to BCC and MB development of patients affected by nevoid BCC syndrome that inherit a mutant Patched (Ptch1) allele. To examine the impact of genetic background on(More)
Car-R and Car-S outbred mouse lines, phenotypically selected for resistance and susceptibility to skin carcinogenesis respectively, show significant linkage disequilibrium (LD) at genetic markers mapping on chromosomal regions where skin cancer modifier loci (Skts3, Skts1, and Psl1 on Chrs 5, 7, and 9 respectively) have been mapped in standard crosses.(More)