Vincenzo Covelli

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Stress-related behaviors are accompanied by modification of a large number of neurotransmitters in the brain. Moreover, the binding to GABA(A) receptors does not account for all the effects of benzodiazepines. In this study we investigated the effect of repeated restraint stress and alprazolam treatment (1 mg/day os) on dopamine receptors (Bmax and Kd) in(More)
Parameters of dopaminergic transmission were studied in the retina of mature (3-4 months) and aged (23-24 months) rats. In the retina of senescent rats were found significantly higher dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) levels and a higher number of (3H-)spiroperidol binding sites. We detected also an increase of (3H)- methionine-enkephalin binding sites.(More)
Pathbase is a database that stores images of the abnormal histology associated with spontaneous and induced mutations of both embryonic and adult mice including those produced by transgenesis, targeted mutagenesis and chemical mutagenesis. Images of normal mouse histology and strain-dependent background lesions are also available. The database and the(More)
The fetal alcohol syndrome is characterized by a number of abnormalities consisting of a pre- and post-natal growth deficiency, microcephaly, areas of abnormal nerve cell migration in the brain, mental and psychomotor retardation in children of alcoholic women. These findings may be referred as a teratogenic effect of ethanol on the central nervous system.(More)
The present study investigated the effect of ethanol ingestion during pregnancy on central dopaminergic function in the nervous system of the offspring. Marked changes in striatum of both binding of 3H-spiperone and the concentrations of DOPAC were found in offspring particularly when an acute dose of ethanol was administered to pregnant dams on the fourth(More)
Met-enkephalin levels were measured in various spinal cord regions of rats chronically suffering from the inflammation of a single paw following a treatment with Freund's adjuvant. The results indicate that chronic localized pain induces a selective increase of met-enkephalin immunoreactive material (ME-IR) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord segment(More)
Age-related alterations of the immune system affect both antibody and cell-mediated immune responses, T-cell responses being more severely affected than B-cell responses. Within the T-cell population, aging leads to replacement of virgin by memory cells and to accumulation of cells with signal transduction defects. Changes in T-cell subsets and in cytokine(More)
Chronic ethanol consumption produces derangements of cell membrane structure, perhaps by changing membrane lipid content. This impairment leads to modification of membrane-related processes. In fact, after chronic ethanol exposure, an increase in striatal adenylate-cyclase activity occurs. On the other hand, dopamine is unable to further potentiate the(More)
The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of diet treatment on bone marrow cells. Normal male Wistar rats were divided into six groups (n = 6 per group): control with normal diet (C), increased fructose (31 % w/w in fodder) (Fr) and high fatty (30 % w/w of animal fat in fodder) diet (Fa), and the same diets with vanadium complex ([VO(4,4′(More)