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This paper studies the relationship between medical compliance and health outcomes - hospitalization and mortality rates - using a large panel of patients residing in a local health authority in Italy. These data allow us to follow individual patients through all their accesses to public health care services until they either die or leave the local health(More)
Health risk is increasingly viewed as an important form of background risk that affects household portfolio decisions. However, its role might be mediated by the presence of a protective full-coverage national health service that could reduce households' probability of incurring current and future out-of-pocket medical expenditures. We use SHARE data to(More)
BACKGROUND IQWiG commissioned an international panel of experts to develop methods for the assessment of the relation of benefits to costs in the German statutory health-care system. PROPOSED METHODS The panel recommended that IQWiG inform German decision makers of the net costs and value of additional benefits of an intervention in the context of(More)
We examine access to general practitioners and specialists who work in the public and private sectors in Italy using a seemingly unrelated system of probits. We use a latent class formulation that provides a rich and flexible functional form and can accommodate non-normality of response probabilities. The empirical analysis shows that patient behavior can(More)
BACKGROUND Charges for health services help contain healthcare costs. Despite showing that medicine consumption decreases when charges are increased there is little research that illuminates how doctors 'manage' the charge system to help patients who cannot afford treatment. This paper describes how the charge system influences the prescribing decisions of(More)
In Europe, cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the main cause of morbidity and mortality, costing countries euro 190 billion yearly (2006). CVD prevention remains unsatisfactory across Europe largely due to poor control of CVD risk factors (RFs), growing incidence of obesity and diabetes, and sedentary lifestyle/poor dietary habits.(More)
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the long-run effects of the minimum reference price (MRP) policy adopted recently in Italy in order to contain drug expenditure. This evaluation is based upon an econometric model of the demand for drugs in Italy, based on data covering the period from 1963 to 1994. With this model we can assess not only the effects of(More)
INTRODUCTION Studies have demonstrated that co-payments on medication reduce the consumption of both non-essential and essential drugs, and that the latter can lead to worse health outcomes. Far less is known about how patients cope with the cost of medication, particularly if affordability is an issue, and how this compares across two countries with(More)
The aim of this research is to investigate the relationship between obesity and wages, using data for nine countries from the European Community Household Panel (ECHP) over the period 1998-2001. We improve upon the existing literature by adopting a Quantile Regression approach to characterize the heterogenous impact of obesity at different points of the(More)