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BACKGROUND Metabolomics could provide new insights into the pathophysiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) by identifying profiles of endogenous metabolites. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether metabolomics of exhaled breath condensate could discriminate between patients with unstable CF, stable CF and healthy subjects, and whether selected metabolites were(More)
Exercise is an important part of normal childhood, but the ability to exercise may be impaired in chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis (CF). Improving exercise performance by training is very attractive. The aim of the present study was the evaluation of the effects of a physical aerobic training program, performed in the Children's Hospital and(More)
UNLABELLED A long pre-diabetic phase of abnormal glucose tolerance is described in subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) since childhood. OBJECTIVE The aims of the study were to compare oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in the diagnosis of altered glucose metabolism, and to longitudinally evaluate the role of(More)
This is the third article related to a review of the literature based on data from national cystic fibrosis (CF) patient registries up to June 2008 and covering a total of 115 published studies. It focuses on several topics: CF incidence, genotype/phenotype correlation, microbiology, pregnancy/paternity, clinical complications, lung transplantation, and(More)
BACKGROUND This Phase IV study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of a two-dose, MF59®-adjuvanted (Novartis Vaccines, Marburg, Germany), monovalent, A/H1N1 pandemic influenza vaccination schedule in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) positive children and young adults. METHODS A total of 83 children infected with HIV-1, and 37 non-immunocompromised,(More)
BACKGROUND Acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) is a novel technique for the measurement of hepatic stiffness, which could be valuable in clinical follow-up of patients affected by cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD). METHODS Seventy-five patients with suspected CFLD (35 males) underwent clinical and ultrasonographic evaluations, liver and pulmonary(More)
We measured 8-isoprostane, a biomarker of oxidative stress, and prostaglandin (PG) E(2) in exhaled breath condensate in 36 stable and 14 unstable cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, and in 15 healthy age-matched controls. We studied the relationships of these eicosanoids with clinical, radiological, and systemic inflammatory parameters. Compared with controls(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess specific etiologies of acute recurrent pancreatitis at a single Italian pediatric cystic fibrosis (CF) center. METHODS We studied, retrospectively, 78 young patients (39 female subjects; mean age at diagnosis, 8.8 ± 5.1 years) affected by acute recurrent episodes of pancreatitis, remained etiologically undiagnosed at first-level(More)
PURPOSE To assess the accuracy of dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) cholangiopancreatography after secretin administration in detecting pancreatic duct abnormalities typical of early-onset idiopathic chronic pancreatitis in children with recurrent episodes of idiopathic acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifteen children (mean age, 11.3 years; range,(More)
BACKGROUND Early stages of glucose metabolism impairment are a period at risk in the long-term prognosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). Slow-release synthetic insulin glargine can be a therapeutic tool in this metabolic condition. METHODS In this phase 3 multicenter, controlled, two-arm, randomized clinical study, glargine was administered up to a dosage of(More)