Vincenzina Lucidi

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The clinical consequences of influenza are severe in cystic fibrosis (CF), but the impact of A/H1N1 virus infection remains poorly defined. 1 2 Pandemic influenza A/H1N1 started in Italy in September 2009 and CF patients were included among those at risk of complications and recommended to receive A/H1N1 vaccine. Better character-isation of the impact of(More)
AIM To investigate whether children with cystic fibrosis under 3 years of age have disordered breathing and episodes of oxygen desaturation during sleep. METHODS We studied 19 infants (9 boys and 10 girls) with cystic fibrosis, mean age 13.1 months (range 3-36 months) and 20 age and sex matched healthy subjects. Patients and controls underwent an(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease resulting in chronic polymicrobial infections of the airways and progressive decline in lung function. To gain insight into the underlying causes of severe lung diseases, we aimed at comparing the airway microbiota detected in sputum of CF patients with stable lung function (S) versus those with a substantial(More)
BACKGROUND acute recurrent pancreatitis is a complex multigenic disease, the diagnosis is even more difficult when this disease develops in a child. CASE PRESENTATION a 6-years old boy, hospitalized with epigastric pain radiating to the back showed high serum levels of serum amylase, lipase, CRP and erythrosedimentation rate. Several similar milder(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem disorder characterised by mutations of the CFTR gene, which encodes for an important component in the coordination of electrolyte movement across of epithelial cell membranes. Symptoms are pulmonary disease, pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, male infertility and elevated sweat concentrations. The CFTR gene(More)
Dysregulated inflammasome activation contributes to respiratory infections and pathologic airway inflammation. Through basic and translational approaches involving murine models and human genetic epidemiology, we show here the importance of the different inflammasomes in regulating inflammatory responses in mice and humans with cystic fibrosis (CF), a(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic neutrophil inflammation of the respiratory tract tissues plays a key role in the pathogenesis and in prognosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). It is evident that an anti-inflammatory therapy represents an important step in the treatment of CF patients. Corticosteroids and ibuprofen have been proven to slow down the impairment of the pulmonary(More)
Despite having normal height and weight, a 6-year-old girl had frequent bowel movements and slight recurrent chest infections since the age of 4 years and headache for 1 year. The patient appeared healthy, but examination of the ocular fundus revealed papilledema. Cranial computed tomography appeared normal. Lumbar puncture disclosed an elevated opening(More)
T helper 9 (Th9) cells contribute to lung inflammation and allergy as sources of interleukin-9 (IL-9). However, the mechanisms by which IL-9/Th9 mediate immunopathology in the lung are unknown. Here we report an IL-9-driven positive feedback loop that reinforces allergic inflammation. We show that IL-9 increases IL-2 production by mast cells, which leads to(More)
Chronic airway infection is a hallmark feature of cystic fibrosis (CF) disease. In the present study, sputum samples from CF patients were collected and characterized by 16S rRNA gene-targeted approach, to assess how lung microbiota composition changes following a severe decline in lung function. In particular, we compared the airway microbiota of two(More)