Vincenza Calabrò

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The present work reviews the main advancements achieved in the last decades in the study of the fructose production process by inulin enzymatic hydrolysis. With the aim of collecting and clarifying the majority of the knowledge in this area, the research on this subject has been divided in three main parts: a) the characteristics of inulin (the process(More)
Anaerobic batch fermentations of ricotta cheese whey (i.e. containing lactose) were performed under different operating conditions. Ethanol concentrations of ca. 22g L(-1) were found from whey containing ca. 44g L(-1) lactose, which corresponded to up to 95% of the theoretical ethanol yield within 15h. The experimental data could be explained by means of a(More)
Bioethanol can be produced from several different biomass feedstocks: sucrose rich feedstocks (e.g. sugar-cane), starchy materials (e.g. corn grain), and lignocellulosic biomass. This last category, including biomass such as corn stover and wheat straw, woody residues from forest thinning and paper, is promising especially in those countries with limited(More)
In the present paper a factor analysis is presented for the enzymatic transesterification of waste oil for biodiesel production. The experimental data on batch reactor evidence two key variables: enzyme loading and mixing conditions. These variables were subjected to a factor analysis and their combined effect on the reaction performance was determined.(More)
Three-dimensional models of exoinulinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus and endoinulinase from Aspergillus niger were built up by means of homology modeling. The crystal structure of exoinulinase from Aspergillus awamori was used as a template, which is the sole structure of inulinase resolved so far. Docking and molecular dynamics simulations were(More)
A central composite design (CCD) was performed to evaluate the effects of four factors, i.e. temperature (T), pH, agitation rate (K) and initial lactose concentration (L), on ricotta cheese whey batch fermentation and to optimize the process leading to the formation of bio-ethanol. Anaerobic batch fermentation experiments were carried out by using the yeast(More)
In this paper, the reaction of enzymatic trans-esterification of glycerides with ethanol in a reaction medium containing hexane at a temperature of 37 degrees C has been studied. The enzyme was Lipase from Mucor miehei, immobilized on ionic exchange resin, aimed at achieving high catalytic specific surface and recovering, regenerating and reusing the(More)
Adenoviruses are commonly used in vitro as gene transfer vectors in multiple applications. Nevertheless, issues such as low infection efficiency and toxicity effects on host cells have not been resolved yet. This work aims at developing a new versatile tool to enhance the expression of transduced genes while working at low viral doses in a sequential(More)
An experimental study on enzymatic transesterification was performed to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oils. Lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently immobilized on a epoxy-acrylic resin support. The immobilized enzyme exhibited high catalytic specific surface and allowed an easy recovery, regeneration and reutilisation of biocatalyst. Waste(More)