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We examined the neuroprotective effect of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) on retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a rat glaucoma model with increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and studied the CNTF-mediated activation of Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway. Elevated IOP was induced by laser photocoagulation of the(More)
AIMS Recent studies have showed that erythropoietin (EPO) is a neuroprotectant for central nerve system neurons in addition to being a hematopoietic cytokine in response to hypoxia. In this study, we investigate the role of the EPO/EPO receptor (EPOR) system in the rat retina after ocular hypertension injury that mimics glaucoma. METHODS Elevated(More)
INTRODUCTION There has been a significant rise in the number of HIV positive men who have sex with men (MSM) co-infected with hepatitis C (HCV). Most infections are thought to occur through high risk sexual practices, exacerbated by drug use. Previous data has suggested no need for routine screening in HIV negative MSM. We looked at HCV antibody testing and(More)
Expression of the rat (RH-I/SkM2) and human (hH1/SCN5A) tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R), voltage-sensitive sodium channels is thought to be specific to cardiac tissue. We detected RH-I/SkM2 mRNA in newborn rat brain using both RNase protection assay analysis and in situ hybridization and in adult rat brain using RNase protection assay analysis. This(More)
Neurocutaneous melanosis is a rare congenital syndrome characterized by large or multiple congenital melanocytic nevi and benign or malignant pigment cell tumors of the leptomeninges. The prognosis is extremely poor for symptomatic patients, even in the absence of malignant melanoma. We present serial MR imaging findings in the brain and spine of a child(More)
In the present study, we studied the factors that contribute to the injury-resistant property of melanopsin-expressing retinal ganglion cells (mRGCs). Since phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3 K)/Akt signaling pathway is one of the well-known pathways for neuronal cell survival, we investigated the survival of mRGCs by applying the PI3 K/Akt specific(More)
Antisera were prepared against a clonal line (PC12) of rat pheochromocytoma cells that were grown in either the presence or the absence of nerve growth factor (NGF). PC12 cells respond to NGF by growing neurites and express many differentiated properties of adrenal chromaffin cells and sympathetic neurons. The antisera, after absorption with rat liver,(More)
Glutamate neurotoxicity has been postulated to play a prominent role in glaucoma. In this study the possible roles of two subunits of glutamate receptors during the early phase of retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss in a rat chronic ocular hypertension (COH) model were investigated. COH was induced by applying argon laser to the episcleral and limbal veins of(More)