Vincent Vuiblet

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Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder of great clinical heterogeneity. Its pathophysiology remains unclear. Our aim was to evaluate the relative roles of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and of the immune system using an original model of SSc. BALB/c and immunodeficient BALB/c SCID mice were injected s.c. with prooxidative agents (hydroxyl(More)
BACKGROUND Castleman disease (CD), or angiofollicular lymph-node hyperplasia, is an atypical lymphoproliferative disorder with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. Renal involvement in CD has been described in only single-case reports, which have included various types of renal diseases. METHODS Nineteen patients with histologically documented CD and(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN), the most common primary glomerulonephritis worldwide, frequently leads to end-stage renal disease and kidney transplantation. However, disease recurrence often occurs after transplantation. Here we evaluated the predictive value of three markers for IgAN recurrence: the presence of galactose-deficient IgA1, IgG anti-IgA(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by the fibrosis of various organs, vascular hyperreactivity, and immunologic dysregulation. Since Notch signaling is known to affect fibroblast homeostasis, angiogenesis, and lymphocyte development, we undertook this study to investigate the role of the Notch pathway in human and murine SSc. METHODS SSc(More)
Diarrhea is a frequent complication after kidney transplantation, ascribed to adverse effects of the immunosuppressive therapy in case of negative microbiological examination of the stools. The aim of this study was to improve the microbiological diagnosis by implementing molecular tests. Fifty-four severe diarrhea events that occurred in 49 adult kidney(More)
C3 glomerulopathy (C3G) is characterized by predominant C3 deposits in glomeruli and dysregulation of the alternative pathway of complement. Half of C3G patients have a C3 nephritic factor (C3NeF). C3G incorporated entities with a range of features on microscopy including dense deposit diseases (DDD) and C3 glomerulonephritis (C3GN). The aim of this work(More)
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) causes 15% of chronic kidney disease cases. A mutation in 1 of over 40 monogenic genes can be detected in approximately 30% of individuals with SRNS whose symptoms manifest before 25 years of age. However, in many patients, the genetic etiology remains unknown. Here, we have performed whole exome sequencing to(More)
Markers of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) may identify patients at high risk of graft fibrogenesis who could benefit from early calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) withdrawal. In a randomized, open-label, 12-month trial, de novo kidney transplant patients received cyclosporine, enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) and steroids to month 3. Patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease. Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an acute phase protein and a binding partner for the multiligand receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE). We investigated the role of the interaction between SAA and RAGE in uremia-related atherogenesis. APPROACH(More)
The long-term impact of subclinical acute rejection (SCAR) on renal graft function remains poorly understood. Furthermore, the interpretation of borderline lesions is difficult and their incidence is variable. The aim of this study was to analyze the characteristics of subclinical inflammation (SCI) in protocol biopsies performed 1-year after renal(More)