Vincent S. Stoll

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Combinatorial and structure-based medicinal chemistry strategies were used together to advance a lead compound with an activity of K(i) = 58 microM via a potency enhancement of >70 000-fold to an analogue with an activity of K(i) = 0.8 nM against influenza neuraminidase (A/Tokyo/67). Lead optimization was initiated using molecular modeling and combinatorial(More)
Compound 7 was identified as a potent (IC50 = 14 nM), selective, and orally bioavailable (F = 70% in mouse) inhibitor of protein kinase B/Akt. While promising efficacy was observed in vivo, this compound showed effects on depolarization of Purkinje fibers in an in vitro assay and CV hypotension in vivo. Guided by an X-ray structure of 7 bound to protein(More)
The Akt kinases are central nodes in signal transduction pathways that are important for cellular transformation and tumor progression. We report the development of a series of potent and selective indazole-pyridine based Akt inhibitors. These compounds, exemplified by A-443654 (K(i) = 160 pmol/L versus Akt1), inhibit Akt-dependent signal transduction in(More)
In our continued efforts to search for potent and novel receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitors as potential anticancer agents, we discovered, through a structure-based design, that 3-aminoindazole could serve as an efficient hinge-binding template for kinase inhibitors. By incorporating an N,N'-diaryl urea moiety at the C4-position of 3-aminodazole, a(More)
In a broad genomics analysis to find novel protein targets for antibiotic discovery, MurF was identified as an essential gene product for Streptococcus pneumonia that catalyzes a critical reaction in the biosynthesis of the peptidoglycan in the formation of the cell wall. Lacking close relatives in mammalian biology, MurF presents attractive characteristics(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) belongs to a family of serine peptidases, and due to its indirect regulatory role in plasma glucose modulation, DPP-IV has become an attractive pharmaceutical target for diabetes therapy. DPP-IV inactivates the glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) and several other naturally produced bioactive peptides that contain preferentially a(More)
Inhibition of protein kinases has validated therapeutic utility for cancer, with at least seven kinase inhibitor drugs on the market. Protein kinase inhibition also has significant potential for a variety of other diseases, including diabetes, pain, cognition, and chronic inflammatory and immunologic diseases. However, as the vast majority of current(More)
The ectodomain of HIV-1 gp41 mediates the fusion of viral and host cellular membranes. The peptide-based drug Enfuvirtide(1) is precedent that antagonists of this fusion activity may act as anti HIV-agents. Here, NMR screening was used to discover non-peptide leads against this target and resulted in the discovery of a new benzamide 1 series. This series is(More)
Ras mutation has been detected in approximately 20-30% of all human carcinomas, primarily in pancreatic, colorectal, lung and bladder carcinomas. The indirect inhibition of Ras activity by inhibiting farnesyltransferase (FTase) function is one therapeutic intervention to control tumor growth. Here we report the preclinical anti-tumor activity of our most(More)