Vincent Ricci

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Helicobacter pylori vacuolating toxin (VacA) causes vacuolation in a variety of cultured cell lines, sensitivity to VacA differing greatly, however, among the different cell types. We found that the high sensitivity of HEp-2 cells to VacA was impaired by treating the cells with phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC) which removes(More)
Helicobacter pylori VacA is a secreted toxin that induces multiple structural and functional alterations in eukaryotic cells. Exposure of VacA to either acidic or alkaline pH ('activation') results in structural changes in the protein and a marked enhancement of its cell-vacuolating activity. However, the mechanism by which activation leads to increased(More)
Acute exposure to Helicobacter pylori causes cell damage and impairs the processes of cell migration and proliferation in cultured gastric mucosal cells in vitro. EGF-related growth factors play a major role in protecting gastric mucosa against injury, and are involved in the process of gastric mucosal healing. We therefore studied the acute effect of H.(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection can induce polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMNL) infiltration of the gastric mucosa, which characterizes acute chronic gastritis. The mechanisms underlying this process are poorly documented. The lack of an in vitro model has considerably impaired the study of transepithelial migration of PMNL induced by H. pylori. In the present(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been shown to induce chronic active gastritis and peptic ulcer and may contribute to the development of duodenal ulcer. Previous studies have shown that H. pylori mediates apoptosis of gastric epithelial cells via a Fas-dependent pathway. However, evidence for the induction of such a mechanism in intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) by(More)
The near-infrared absorption of two chromophore functionalized polymers and combinations of seventeen different guest chromophores in seven different organic polymer matrices were investigated to assess the effect of chromophore structure and environment on absorption. The near-infrared absorption losses were found to be dramatically larger by as much as(More)
Garito and co-workers have suggested a mechanism to dramatically increase the second hyperpolarizability, gamma, in linear pi-electron-conjugated molecules. Polarization is introduced that leads to a difference between the dipole moments of the molecule's ground state and excited state. Here a series of carotenoids was examined that had increasing(More)
  • Anne-Claire Le Duff, Michael Canva, +7 authors Eric Toussaere
  • 2000
We report on linear and nonlinear optical properties of Disperse Red 1-doped solgel waveguides. The refractive-index and optical-propagation losses of the guiding layer were measured between 0.756 ␮m and 1.64 ␮m. The spectral broadening of the chromophore charge-transfer transition in the visible is modeled with a Voigt-profile function. In the(More)
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