Vincent Potiron

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The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a developmental process enabling epithelial cells to gain a migratory mesenchymal phenotype. In cancer, this process contributes to metastases; however the regulatory signals and mechanistic details are not fully elucidated. Here, we sought to identify the subset of genes regulated in lung cancer by ZEB1, an(More)
Semaphorins are a large family of secreted, transmembrane and GPI-linked proteins initially characterized in the development of the nervous system and axonal guidance. Semaphorins are expressed in many tissues where they regulate normal development, organ morphogenesis, immunity and angiogenesis. They affect the cytoskeleton, actin filament organization,(More)
Loss of the 3p21.3-encoded semaphorins, SEMA3B and SEMA3F, is implicated in lung cancer development. Although both antagonize VEGF binding/response to neuropilin (NRP) receptors, in lung cancer lines, SEMA3F is predominantly expressed and preferentially utilizes NRP2. In lung cancer patients, SEMA3F loss correlates with advanced disease and increased VEGF(More)
The tumor suppressor gene, Semaphorin SEMA3F, is frequently downregulated in lung cancer. Understanding the specific mechanism of SEMA3F suppression should be informative in terms of epithelial carcinogenesis and potential therapeutic interventions. Although a CpG-island is located 5083-3927 nt upstream of the translation start site, there have been no(More)
Loss of SEMA3F occurs frequently in lung cancer and correlates with advanced stage of disease. We previously reported that SEMA3F blocked tumor formation by H157 lung cancer cells in a rat orthotopic model. This was associated with loss of activated alpha(V)beta(3) integrin, impaired cell adhesion to extracellular matrix components, and down-regulation of(More)
New histone deacetylase inhibitors have been synthesized and evaluated for their activity against non-small lung cancer cell line H661. These compounds have been designed with diversely substituted 1,4-benzodiazepine-2,5-dione moieties as cyclic peptide mimic cap structures, and a hydroxamate side chain. Biological evaluations demonstrated that(More)
Semaphorins--a family of secreted, membrane-bound, and transmembrane proteins--play an important role in the development of various organs, as well as in axonal pathfinding, angiogenesis, tumorigenesis, and the immunological response. Neuropilins 1 and 2 (NRP1 and 2) are receptors for the class 3 secreted semaphorins (SEMA3s) but not for the other classes(More)
SEMA3F is a secreted semaphorin with potent antitumor activity, which is frequently downregulated in lung cancer. In cancer cell lines, SEMA3F overexpression decreases hypoxia-induced factor 1alpha protein and vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA, and inhibits multiple signaling components. Therefore, understanding how SEMA3F expression is inhibited in(More)
The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and its reversal, mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET), are fundamental processes involved in tumor cell invasion and metastasis. SEMA3F is a secreted semaphorin and tumor suppressor downregulated by TGF-β1 and ZEB1-induced EMT. Here, we report that neuropilin (NRP)-2, the high-affinity receptor for SEMA3F and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite appropriate radiotherapy, high-risk prostate cancer patients often experience local relapse and progression to metastatic disease. Radioresistance may be due to tumor-hypoxia but also due to the PTEN mutation/deletion present in 70% prostate cancers. We investigated whether the novel PI3K/mTOR inhibitor BEZ235 might sensitize(More)