We demonstrate a concurrent polarization-retrieval algorithm based on a multi-heterodyne scanning near-field optical microscopy (MH-SNOM) measurement system. This method relies on calibration of the polarization properties of the MH-SNOM using an isotropic region of the sample in the vicinity of the nanostructures of interest. We experimentally show the… (More)
A germanium (Ge) strip waveguide on a silicon (Si) substrate is integrated with a microfluidic chip to detect cocaine in tetrachloroethylene (PCE) solutions. In the evanescent field of the waveguide, cocaine absorbs the light near 5.8 μm, which is emitted from a quantum cascade laser. This device is ideal for (bio-)chemical sensing applications.
We propose the application of a new label-free optical technique based on photonic nanostructures to real-time monitor the amyloid-beta 1-42 (Aβ(1-42)) fibrillization, including the early stages of the aggregation process, which are related to the onset of the Alzheimer's Disease (AD). The aggregation of Aβ peptides into amyloid fibrils has commonly been… (More)
Finding the optimal structure to enhance light trapping in thin film silicon solar cells has attracted much attention in the previous decades. However, because of problems in integrating theory and experiment, there are only few comprehensive contributions that provide guidelines for the optimal design of such structures. In this work, a realistic thin film… (More)
Photovoltaic light trapping theory and experiment do not always clearly demonstrate how much useful optical absorption is enhanced, as opposed to parasitic absorption that cannot improve efficiencies. In this work, we develop a flexible flux plane method for capturing these parasitic losses within finite-difference time-domain simulations, which was applied… (More)
We investigate the angular behavior of the upper bound of absorption provided by the guided modes in thin film solar cells. We show that the 4n 2 limit can be potentially exceeded in a wide angular and wavelength range using two-dimensional periodic thin film structures. Two models are used to estimate the absorption enhancement; in the first one, we apply… (More)
Scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) is a popular tool to overcome the diffraction limit for the investigation of subwavelength-scale optical structures. For nearly 30 years, various configurations have been implemented to characterize the interactions of the electromagnetic field with nanostructures in the near field. An accurate understanding of… (More)
Mid-infrared photonics in silicon needs low-loss integrated waveguides. While monocrystalline germanium waveguides on silicon have been proposed, experimental realization has not been reported. Here we demonstrate a germanium strip waveguide on a silicon substrate. It is designed for single mode transmission of light in transverse magnetic (TM) polarization… (More)
Strong Electric-field enhancement in small volumes is the key for label-free single-molecule sensing. We have investigated the excitation of single and multiple metallic nano-cavities by evanescent wave coupling in the near-infrared by a silicon wire waveguide.
A Si/Ge based, single mode, mid-infrared optical waveguide, is used as an evanescent sensor in liquid matrix. The selectivity is achieved by the use of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) tuned to the maximum absorption of a given analyte. The cocaine detection in human saliva at 5.81 microns is chosen as a pilot application to demonstrate the technology. Light… (More)