Learn More
BACKGROUND Chronic cognitive impairment is a major problem in U.S. nursing homes, yet traditional assessment systems in most facilities included only limited information on cognitive status. Following the Congressional mandate in the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1987 (OBRA '87), U.S. nursing homes now complete the Minimum Data Set (MDS), a standardized,(More)
In response to the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1987 mandate for the development of a national resident assessment system for nursing facilities, a consortium of professionals developed the first major component of this system, the Minimum Data Set (MDS) for Resident Assessment and Care Screening. A two-state field trial tested the reliability of(More)
The MDS is a core set of items, definitions, and response categories used to assess all of the nation's 1.5 million nursing home residents who reside in facilities participating in the Medicare or Medicaid programs. Further, the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) has proposed a rule that would require facilities to computerize MDS data and submit(More)
CONTEXT Over the past century, nursing homes and hospitals increasingly have become the site of death, yet no national studies have examined the adequacy or quality of end-of-life care in institutional settings compared with deaths at home. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the US dying experience at home and in institutional settings. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
The Karnofsky Performance Status Scale (KPS) is widely used to quantify the functional status of cancer patients. However, limited data exist documenting its reliability and validity. The KPS is used in the National Hospice Study (NHS) as both a study eligibility criterion and an outcome measure. As part of intensive training, interviewers were instructed(More)
CONTEXT Cancer pain can be relieved with pharmacological agents as indicated by the World Health Organization (WHO). All too frequently pain management is reported to be poor. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the adequacy of pain management in elderly and minority cancer patients admitted to nursing homes. DESIGN Retrospective, cross-sectional study. SETTING A(More)
IMPORTANCE A recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report found that more persons die at home. This has been cited as evidence that persons dying in the United States are using more supportive care. OBJECTIVE To describe changes in site of death, place of care, and health care transitions between 2000, 2005, and 2009. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
BACKGROUND the nursing home Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) includes a set of core assessment items, known as the Minimum Data Set (MDS), for assessment and care screening and more detailed Resident Assessment Protocols in 18 areas that represent common problem areas or risk factors for nursing home residents. Its primary use is clinical, to assess(More)
This research tests the reliability and construct validity of social engagement, a new quality of life measure embedded in the federally mandated Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI) for the nursing home population. The sample consisted of 1,848 residents from 268 homes in 10 states with data collected by trained research nurses. Three resident groups were(More)
OBJECTIVE Using resource dependency theory as a conceptual framework, this study investigates both the organizational and environmental factors associated with an emerging health care service delivery innovation, the provision of specialty care in designated units in nursing care facilities. We consider two types of specialty units, Alzheimer's Disease and(More)