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Chronic inhibition of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) by systemic injection of the selective inhibitor 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP) has been used as an animal model for Huntington's disease (HD). However, the mechanisms by which 3NP produces lesions in the striatum are not fully characterized. A quantitative histochemical method was developed to study the(More)
Chronic systemic treatment with 3-nitropropionic acid in rats produces persistent dystonia and bradykinesia, and striatal lesions reminiscent of Huntington's disease. However, the interpretation of results obtained with this model are complicated by a heterogeneous distribution of the response to a given toxic dose of 3-nitropropionic acid: approximately(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited disorder characterized by cognitive impairments, motor deficits, and progressive dementia. These symptoms result from progressive neurodegenerative changes mainly affecting the neostriatum. This pathology is fatal in 10 to 20 years and there is currently no treatment for HD. Early in the course of the disease,(More)
Substitutive therapy using fetal striatal grafts in animal models of Huntington disease (HD) have already demonstrated obvious beneficial effects on motor indices. Using a new phenotypic model of HD recently designed in primates, we demonstrate here complete and persistent recovery in a frontal-type cognitive task two to five months after intrastriatal(More)
Previous studies in primates have shown that chronic systemic administration of the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) inhibitor, 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP), replicates most of the motor, cognitive, and histopathological features of Huntington's disease. In the present study, serial 1H-NMR spectroscopy (1H-MRS) assessment of striatal and occipital cortex(More)
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a potent protective factor for striatal neurons in animal models of Huntington's disease (HD). Clinical application of this potential therapeutic still requires the design and optimization of delivery systems. In the case of HD, spatial spread in the vast volume occupied by the striatum and long-term delivery of the(More)
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