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1. Inhalation of vanadium compounds, particularly vanadate, is a cause of occupational bronchial asthma. We have now studied the action of vanadate on human isolated bronchus. Vanadate (0.1 microM-3 mM) produced concentration-dependent, well-sustained contraction. Its -logEC50 was 3.74 +/- 0.05 (mean +/- s.e.mean) and its maximal effect was equivalent to(More)
The effects of naltrexone injected intravenously (i.v.) on the pharmacological actions and distribution of i.v. injected morphine in brain regions and spinal cord of male Sprague-Dawley rats were determined. Naltrexone (0.625- and 2.5-mg/kg doses) antagonized the analgesic and hyperthermic effects of morphine (10-mg/kg dose). For distribution studies,(More)
Previously it was demonstrated that intravenously administered morphine produced greater analgesic but lower hyperthermic responses to morphine in 24-week-old rats in comparison to 8-week-old rats. The differential pharmacological responses to morphine could not solely be attributed to the pharmacokinetic parameters, namely area under the serum morphine(More)
Effects of naltrexone administered intravenously on the pharmacological actions and kinetics of morphine in serum following intravenous administration of morphine were determined in male Sprague-Dawley rats. A 10 mg/kg dose of morphine produced an analgesic response as measured by the tail flick test. Morphine also produced a hyperthermic effect. Naltrexone(More)
The analgesic and hyperthermic effects of i.v. administered morphine were determined in age-matched male spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Two doses of morphine (5 and 10 mg/kg) were used. In the doses used, morphine produced analgesia in WKY rats as measured by the tail-flick test and expressed as area under the(More)
The role of endogenous opioid peptides in the regulation of bronchomotor tone, as well as in the pathophysiology of asthma is uncertain. We have studied the binding of highly selective [3H]labeled ligands of mu-([D-Ala2, MePhe4, Gly-ol5]enkephalin; DAMGO), delta ([D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin; DPDPE), and kappa-(U-69,593) opioid receptors to membranes of(More)
Molecular topology can be considered an application of graph theory in which the molecular structure is characterized through a set of graph-theoretical descriptors called topological indices. Molecular topology has found applications in many different fields, particularly in biology, chemistry, and pharmacology. The first topological index was introduced(More)
Molecular topology is an application of graph theory and statistics in fields like chemistry, biology, and pharmacology, in which the molecular structure matters. Its scope is the topological characterization of molecules by means of numerical invariants, called topological indices, which are the main ingredients of the molecular topological models. These(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated that the analgesic and hyperthermic effects of morphine were found to be greater in spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) rats than in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. The enhanced response to morphine could not be explained on the basis of any of the pharmacokinetic parameters of morphine in the(More)
1. The possible role of pharmacokinetics of morphine in the development of tolerance to the analgesic and hyperthermic effects of morphine was studied in the rat. 2. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were made tolerant to morphine by implanting 6 morphine pellets each containing 75 mg of morphine base for 7 days. The assessment of the degree of tolerance to morphine(More)