Vincent M Lam

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BACKGROUND Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) catalyses the first committed step in the pentose phosphate pathway; the generation of NADPH by this enzyme is essential for protection against oxidative stress. The human enzyme is in a dimer<-->tetramer equilibrium and its stability is dependent on NADP(+) concentration. G6PD deficiency results from many(More)
The addition of xylose to energy-depleted cells of Escherichia coli elicited an alkaline pH change which failed to appear in the presence of uncoupling agents. Accumulation of [14C]xylose by energy-replete cells was also inhibited by uncoupling agents, but not by fluoride or arsenate. Subcellular vesicles of E. coli accumulated [14C]xylose provided that(More)
The trafficking of membrane proteins is dynamic and contributes to the homeostatic control of their cell surface localization and their function in signal transduction. Therefore, it is important to have sensitive techniques that allow measurement of surface expression. The current assays for such measurement are time consuming and low throughput. Here, we(More)
Trace-amines (TAs) are endogenous amines that are implicated in several physiological processes including modulation of aminergic neurotransmission. These compounds exert their effect by activating a class of G protein-coupled receptors termed Trace-Amine Associated Receptors (TAARs), where TAAR1 is the only human receptor that has been shown to bind(More)
Bioluminescence resonance energy transfer (BRET)-based biosensors have been extensively used over the last decade to study protein-protein interactions and intracellular signal transduction in living cells. In this review, we discuss the various BRET biosensors that have been developed to investigate biology, pharmacology, and signaling of G protein-coupled(More)
Mutants of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAC1 which could grow on L-threonine were isolated. These mutants, like the parent strain, synthesized a biosynthetic threonine deaminase, but its apparent Km value for threonine was higher than that of the enzyme from strain PAC1. These mutants also synthesized an inducible NAD-dependent threonine dehydrogenase, which was(More)
Recombinant human glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) has been crystallized and its structure solved by molecular replacement. Crystals of the natural mutant R459L grow under similar conditions in space groups P212121 and C2221 with eight or four 515-residue molecules in the asymmetric unit, respectively. A non-crystallographic 222 tetramer was found(More)
Locomotor sensitization induced by the dopamine agonist quinpirole can be potentiated by co-treatment with the synthetic kappa opioid agonist U69593. The identification of salvinorin A, an active component of the psychotropic sage Salvia divinorum, as a structurally different agonist of kappa-opioid receptors raised the question of whether this compound(More)
A number of pathological conditions have been linked to mutations in the dopamine transporter gene, including hereditary dopamine transporter deficiency syndrome (DTDS). DTDS is a rare condition that is caused by autosomal recessive loss-of-function mutations in the dopamine transporter (DAT), which often affects transporter trafficking and folding. We(More)
Measurement of cell surface expression is an essential part of studying membrane proteins. Traditional techniques for measuring surface expression depend on the availability of appropriate radioligands or antibodies towards extracellular epitopes of a protein of interest. The current protocol outlines the use of an assay to monitor surface expression of(More)