Learn More
BACKGROUND High levels of antiretroviral therapy adherence are important for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) suppression, yet the magnitude of adherence required to maintain it is less well characterized. Furthermore, methods to accommodate changes in adherence over time are lacking. In the present study, our objective was to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying gaps in care for people with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is important to clinicians, public health officials, and federal agencies. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature to provide estimates of the proportion of chronic HCV-infected persons in the United States (U.S.) completing each(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with systemic inflammation and metabolic complications that might predispose patients to atherosclerosis. However, it remains unclear if HCV infection increases the risk of acute myocardial infarction (MI). To determine whether HCV infection is an independent risk factor for acute MI among adults followed in(More)
UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been associated with reduced bone mineral density, but its association with fracture rates is unknown, particularly in the setting of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. Our aims were to determine whether persons with HCV infection alone are at increased risk for hip fracture, compared to(More)
PURPOSE Few population-based studies have estimated the number of persons diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection in the United States. Our objective was to estimate the prevalence of diagnosed CHB infection among persons enrolled in the U.S. Medicaid programs of California, Florida, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania between 2000 and 2007. As part(More)
With the rising popularity of international travel to exotic locations, family physicians are encountering more febrile patients who recently have visited tropical countries. In the majority of cases, the fever is caused by a common illness such as tracheobronchitis, pneumonia, or urinary tract infection. However, fever in returned travelers always should(More)
BACKGROUND Transplant centers are reluctant to perform heart transplantation in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection because augmented immunosuppression could potentially increase mortality. However, there have been few studies examining whether HCV infection reduces survival after heart transplantation. METHODS We used data from the the U.S.(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is transmitted primarily through percutaneous exposure to blood, and most infections are associated with injection drug use. Progression to chronic HCV occurs in 55% to 86% of infected people, and persistent infection is a major cause of cirrhosis, end stage liver disease, and hepatocellular carcinoma. The detection of HCV(More)
PURPOSE The absence of validated methods to identify hepatic decompensation in cohort studies has prevented a full understanding of the natural history of chronic liver diseases and impact of medications on this outcome. We determined the ability of diagnostic codes and liver-related laboratory abnormalities to identify hepatic decompensation events within(More)
The International Index of Erectile Function (five-item version) was used to assess the prevalence and risk factors of erectile dysfunction (ED) in an HIV-positive urban population of men. The prevalence of ED was found to be 74%. Age, CD4 count, history of opportunistic infections, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) use, and serum testosterone(More)