Vincent Lemaître

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The molecular mechanisms predisposing to atherosclerotic aneurysm formation remain undefined%1,5. Nevertheless, rupture of aortic aneurysms is a major cause of death in Western societies, with few available treatments and poor long-term progno–sis. Indirect evidence suggests that matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and plasminogen activators (PAs) are involved(More)
Cellular functions within tissues are strictly regulated by the tissue microenvironment which comprises extracellular matrix and extracellular matrix-deposited factors such as growth factors, cytokines and chemokines. These molecules are metabolized by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), a disintegrin and metalloproteinases (ADAM) and ADAM with thrombospondin(More)
OBJECTIVE Adenosine dilates human coronary arteries by activating potassium channels in an endothelial cell-independent manner. Cell surface ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) rapidly dephosphorylates extracellular adenosine 5'-monophosphate to adenosine. We tested the hypothesis that coronary vasodilation to adenine nucleotides is mediated by an endothelial(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are key modulators of many biological processes during pathophysiological events, such as skeletal formation, angiogenesis, cellular migration, inflammation, wound healing, coagulation, lung and cardiovascular diseases, arthritis, and cancer. Twenty-four members of the MMP family have been identified in humans, degrading(More)
Renal failure (RF) occurring in the course of multiple myeloma is often judged irreversible and generally considered an ominous complication. The aim of the present study was to re-evaluate the outcome, triggering conditions and prognostic factors of severe RF in a series of 34 patients, 33 to 90 years old. RF was totally reversible in 7 patients and(More)
BACKGROUND The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is expressed in atherosclerotic lesions, where it may play a critical role in regulating the activity of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Several MMPs are overexpressed in the atherosclerotic plaque, and they are believed to contribute to the expansion and rupture of the lesion. METHODS AND(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), or interstitial collagenase, has been hypothesized to contribute to the progression of the human atherosclerotic lesions by digesting the fibrillar collagens of the neointimal ECM. The apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE0) mouse model develops complex atherosclerotic lesions, but mice do not possess a homologue for MMP-1. To(More)
Smoking is a major risk factor for heart disease, but the molecular effects of cigarette smoke on vascular cells are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), a collagenase expressed in atherosclerosis and aneurysms but not in the normal vessel wall, is induced in the aortic endothelium of rabbits exposed to(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 has been consistently identified in the lungs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, its role in the development of the disease remains undefined. Mice that specifically express human MMP-9 in their macrophages were generated, and morphometric, biochemical, and histological analyses were(More)
The protease-antiprotease imbalance in the lung plays an important role in the pathogenesis of smoke-induced emphysema. The aim of this study was to characterize the proteolytic responses leading to emphysema formation in the guinea pig smoke exposure model. Guinea pigs were exposed to cigarette smoke for 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Age-matched guinea pigs(More)