Vincent L Pecoraro

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Manganyl Mn=O species have been suggested as possible intermediates in photosynthetic water oxidation and as the reactive species in asymmetric olefin epoxidation. The first X-ray absorption spectrum for a MnV=O complex is reported. Comparison of the EXAFS data for Na[MnV=O(HMPAB) with those for lower-valent Mn complexes suggests that EXAFS measurements and(More)
Recent advances in the study of the Oxygen Evolving Complex (OEC) of Photosystem II (PSII) include structural information attained from several X-ray crystallographic (XRD) and spectroscopic (XANES and EXAFS) investigations. The possible structural features gleaned from these studies have enabled synthetic chemists to design more accurate model complexes,(More)
There has been much speculation concerning the mechanism for water oxidation by Photosystem 11. Based on recent work on the biophysics of Photosystem I1 and our own work on the reactivity of synthetic manganese complexes, we propose a chemically reasonable mechanistic model for the water oxidation function of this enzyme. An essential feature of the model(More)
In healthy volunteers, the bioavailability of ketoconazole is significantly decreased during simultaneous administration with sucralfate. In an effort to address this problem, we examined the interaction between sucralfate and ketoconazole in aqueous solutions and in simulated gastric fluid (SGF) at various initial pHs (1, 2, 3, and 6) in the presence or(More)
Resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) was used to collect Mn K pre-edge spectra and to study the electronic structure in oxides, molecular coordination complexes, as well as the S1 and S2 states of the oxygen-evolving complex (OEC) of photosystem II (PS II). The RIXS data yield two-dimensional plots that can be interpreted along the incident(More)
Metal ions are an important part of many natural proteins, providing structural, catalytic and electron transfer functions. Reproducing these functions in a designed protein is the ultimate challenge to our understanding of them. Here, we present an artificial metallohydrolase, which has been shown by X-ray crystallography to contain two different metal(More)
This study was designed to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by aminoglycoside antibiotics which may be causally related to the toxic side effects of these drugs to the kidney and the inner ear. ROS formation by aminoglycosides in vitro requires iron and the presence of polyunsaturated lipids as electron(More)
The binding of the substrate analogue methanol to the catalytic Mn4CaO5 cluster of the water-oxidizing enzyme photosystem II is known to alter the electronic structure properties of the oxygen-evolving complex without retarding O2-evolution under steady-state illumination conditions. We report the binding mode of (13)C-labeled methanol determined using 9.4(More)
The preparation of a variety of salt complexes of [12-MCMn(III)N(shi)-4] (1) provides the structural basis for the first quantitative investigation of the cation and anion selectivity of metallacrowns. The preparation, X-ray crystal structures, and solution integrities of crystalline salts (LiCl2)[12-MCMn(III)N(shi)-4] ([(LiCl2)‚1]),(More)
The series of compounds [Mn(bpia)(mu-OAc)](2)(ClO(4))(2) (1), [Mn(2)(bpia)(2)(muO)(mu-OAc)](ClO(4))(3).CH(3)CN (2), [Mn(bpia)(mu-O)](2)(ClO(4))(2)(PF(6)).2CH(3)CN (3), [Mn(bpia)(Cl)(2)](ClO)(4) (4), and [(Mn(bpia)(Cl))(2)(mu-O)](ClO(4))(2).2CH(3)CN (5) (bpia = bis(picolyl)(N-methylimidazol-2-yl)amine) represents a structural, spectroscopic, and functional(More)