Vincent J. de Beer

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BACKGROUND Myofilament contractility of individual cardiomyocytes is depressed in remote noninfarcted myocardium and contributes to global left ventricular pump dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). Here, we investigated whether beta-blocker therapy could restore myofilament contractility. METHODS AND RESULTS In pigs with a MI induced by ligation(More)
Distal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis, structural remodeling of the microvasculature occurs. The microvascular functional changes distal to the stenosis have not been studied in detail. We tested the hypothesis that microvascular structural remodeling is accompanied by altered regulation of coronary vasomotor tone with increased responsiveness to(More)
The renin-angiotensin system plays an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis by contributing to the regulation of blood volume, blood pressure, and vascular tone. Because AT(1) receptors have been described in the coronary microcirculation, we investigated whether ANG II contributes to the regulation of coronary vascular tone and whether its(More)
Angiogenesis inhibition with agents targeting tyrosine kinases of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors is an established anticancer treatment, but is, unfortunately, frequently accompanied by systemic hypertension and cardiac toxicity. Whether vascular endothelial growth factor receptor antagonism also has adverse effects on the pulmonary and(More)
Despite the importance of the pulmonary circulation as a determinant of exercise capacity in health and disease, studies into the regulation of pulmonary vascular tone in the healthy lung during exercise are scarce. This review describes the current knowledge of the role of various endogenous vasoactive mechanisms in the control of pulmonary vascular tone(More)
Previously we showed that left ventricular (LV) responsiveness to exercise-induced increases in noradrenaline was blunted in pigs with a recent myocardial infarction (MI) [van der Velden et al. Circ Res. 2004], consistent with perturbed β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signaling. Here we tested the hypothesis that abnormalities at the myofilament level underlie(More)
Vascular dysfunction has been associated with familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH), a severe form of hyperlipidaemia. We recently demonstrated that swine with FH exhibit reduced exercise-induced systemic, but not pulmonary, vasodilatation involving reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Since NO normally limits endothelin (ET) action, we examined the(More)
Hypercholesterolemia impairs endothelial function [e.g., the nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic GMP-phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) pathway], limits shear stress-induced vasodilation, and is therefore expected to reduce exercise-induced vasodilation. To assess the actual effects of hypercholesterolemia on endothelial function and exercise-induced vasodilation, we compared(More)
During exercise, beta-feedforward coronary vasodilation has been shown to contribute to the matching of myocardial oxygen supply with the demand of the myocardium. Since both beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors are present in the coronary microvasculature, we investigated the relative contribution of these subtypes to beta-feedforward coronary vasodilation(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with endothelial dysfunction resulting in an imbalance in endothelium-derived vasodilators and vasoconstrictors. We have previously shown that despite increased endothelin (ET) plasma levels, the coronary vasoconstrictor effect of endogenous ET is abolished after MI. In normal swine, nitric oxide (NO) and prostanoids(More)