Vincent Holten

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Twenty years ago Poole et al. suggested that the anomalous properties of supercooled water may be caused by a critical point that terminates a line of liquid-liquid separation of lower-density and higher-density water. Here we present a thermodynamic model based on this hypothesis, which describes all available experimental data for supercooled water with(More)
The thermodynamic properties of the supercooled liquid state of the mW model of water show anomalous behavior. Like in real water, the heat capacity and compressibility sharply increase upon supercooling. One of the possible explanations of these anomalies, the existence of a second (liquid-liquid) critical point, is not supported by simulations for this(More)
Thermodynamic properties of the ST2 model for supercooled liquid water exhibit anomalies similar to those observed in real water. A possible explanation of these anomalies is the existence of a metastable, liquid-liquid transition terminated by a critical point. This phenomenon, whose possible existence in real water is the subject of much current(More)
We review the available experimental information on the thermodynamic properties of supercooled water and demonstrate the possibility of modeling these thermodynamic properties on a theoretical basis. We show that by assuming the existence of a liquid-liquid critical point in supercooled water, the theory of critical phenomena can give an accurate account(More)
The heat capacity of supercooled water, measured down to -37°C, shows an anomalous increase as temperature decreases. The thermal diffusivity, i.e., the ratio of the thermal conductivity and the heat capacity per unit volume, shows a decrease. These anomalies may be associated with a hypothesized liquid-liquid critical point in supercooled water below the(More)
We have measured homogeneous nucleation rates of water at 200-240 K in the carrier gas helium, in the range of 10(13) - 10(17) m(-3) s(-1) using an expansion wave tube. The rates agree well with the results of Wolk and Strey [J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 11683 (2001)] in the range of overlap (220-240 K), and are summarized by the empirical fit J = S exp[4.6 +(More)
Homogeneous nucleation rates and droplet growth rates of water in pure methane and mixtures of methane and carbon dioxide were measured in an expansion wave tube at 235 K and 10 bar. The nucleation rate in pure methane is three orders of magnitude higher than literature nucleation rates of water in low-pressure helium or argon. Addition of carbon dioxide to(More)
The osmotic virial coefficients, which are measures of the effective interactions between solute molecules in dilute solution, may be obtained from expansions of the osmotic pressure or of the solute activity in powers of the solute concentration. In these expansions, the temperature is held fixed, and one additional constraint is imposed. When the(More)
A popular hypothesis that explains the anomalies of supercooled water is the existence of a metastable liquid-liquid transition hidden below the line of homogeneous nucleation. If this transition exists and if it is terminated by a critical point, the addition of a solute should generate a line of liquid-liquid critical points emanating from the critical(More)
In a recent paper Peeters et al. published new experimental data on nucleation rates of water in the temperature range of 200-235 K. They reported about a drastic change in the nucleation rate at 207 K. An error in their experimental procedure has been found. The data of Peeters et al. have been reinterpreted. The jump in nucleation rate disappears and the(More)