Vincent Grossi

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A field study was conducted in a French Mediterranean littoral (Gulf of Fos) in order to determine the role of bioturbation processes during the bioremediation of oil-contaminated sediments. Inert particulate tracers (luminophores) and Arabian light crude oil were deposited at the surface of sediment cores incubated in situ for 2, 6 and 12 months. After(More)
For 503 days, unoiled control and artificially oiled sediments were incubated in situ at 20m water depth in a Mediterranean coastal area. Degradation of the aliphatic fraction of the oil added was followed by GC-MS. At the same time, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) of 16S rRNA encoding genes was used to detect dynamics in the(More)
The alkane-degrading, sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfatibacillum aliphaticivorans strain CV2803T, recently isolated from marine sediments, was investigated for n-alkane metabolism. The total cellular fatty acids of this strain had predominantly odd numbers of carbon atoms (C odd) when the strain was grown on a C-odd alkane (pentadecane) and even numbers(More)
During growth on n-alkanes, the marine bacterium Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus SP17 formed a biofilm at the alkane-water interface. We showed that hexadecane degradation was correlated with biofilm development and that alkane uptake is localized in the biofilm but not in the bulk medium. Biofilms were observed in cultures on metabolizable n-alkanes(More)
A regiospecific oxygenation of the allylic carbon 10 of cis-vaccenic acid has been observed in senescent cells of the halophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thiohalocapsa halophila incubated under aerobic conditions in darkness. The results obtained strongly suggest that these enzymatic processes involve the initial dioxygenase-mediated formation of(More)
The hydrocarbon composition of the marine diatom Pleurosigma strigosum isolated from coastal Mediterranean sediments is described. A suite of five C(25) highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes with 2-5 double bonds were detected together with n-C(21:4) and n-C(21:5) alkenes and squalene. The analysis by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy of two isolated HBI(More)
Little information exists about the ability of halophilic archaea present in hypersaline environments to degrade hydrocarbons. In order to identify the potential actors of hydrocarbon degradation in these environments, enrichment cultures were prepared using samples collected from a shallow crystallizer pond with no known contamination history in Camargue,(More)
Archaeoglobus fulgidus oxidizes fatty acids (C(4) to C(18)) and n-alk-1-enes (C(12:1) to C(21:1)) in the presence of thiosulfate as a terminal electron acceptor. End products of metabolism were CO(2) and sulfide. Growth on perdeuterated hexadecene yielded C(15)- to C(17)-labeled fatty acids as metabolites, thus confirming the ability of A. fulgidus to(More)
The alkane- and alkene-degrading, marine sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfatibacillum aliphaticivorans strain CV2803(T), known to oxidize n-alkanes anaerobically by fumarate addition at C-2, was investigated for its 1-alkene metabolism. The total cellular fatty acids of this strain were predominantly C-(even number) (C-even) when it was grown on C-even(More)
The archaeon Thermococcus barophilus, one of the most extreme members of hyperthermophilic piezophiles known thus far, is able to grow at temperatures up to 103°C and pressures up to 80 MPa. We analyzed the membrane lipids of T. barophilus by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as a function of pressure and temperature. In contrast to(More)