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For 503 days, unoiled control and artificially oiled sediments were incubated in situ at 20m water depth in a Mediterranean coastal area. Degradation of the aliphatic fraction of the oil added was followed by GC-MS. At the same time, terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) of 16S rRNA encoding genes was used to detect dynamics in the(More)
A field study was conducted in a French Mediterranean littoral (Gulf of Fos) in order to determine the role of bioturbation processes during the bioremediation of oil-contaminated sediments. Inert particulate tracers (luminophores) and Arabian light crude oil were deposited at the surface of sediment cores incubated in situ for 2, 6 and 12 months. After(More)
A regiospecific oxygenation of the allylic carbon 10 of cis-vaccenic acid has been observed in senescent cells of the halophilic purple sulfur bacterium Thiohalocapsa halophila incubated under aerobic conditions in darkness. The results obtained strongly suggest that these enzymatic processes involve the initial dioxygenase-mediated formation of(More)
The alkane-degrading, sulfate-reducing bacterium Desulfatibacillum aliphaticivorans strain CV2803T, recently isolated from marine sediments, was investigated for n-alkane metabolism. The total cellular fatty acids of this strain had predominantly odd numbers of carbon atoms (C odd) when the strain was grown on a C-odd alkane (pentadecane) and even numbers(More)
Little information exists about the ability of halophilic archaea present in hypersaline environments to degrade hydrocarbons. In order to identify the potential actors of hydrocarbon degradation in these environments, enrichment cultures were prepared using samples collected from a shallow crystallizer pond with no known contamination history in Camargue,(More)
During growth on n-alkanes, the marine bacterium Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus SP17 formed a biofilm at the alkane-water interface. We showed that hexadecane degradation was correlated with biofilm development and that alkane uptake is localized in the biofilm but not in the bulk medium. Biofilms were observed in cultures on metabolizable n-alkanes(More)
The archaeon Thermococcus barophilus, one of the most extreme members of hyperthermophilic piezophiles known thus far, is able to grow at temperatures up to 103°C and pressures up to 80 MPa. We analyzed the membrane lipids of T. barophilus by high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry as a function of pressure and temperature. In contrast to(More)
An indigenous bacterium (strain 602) isolated in this study from a polluted soil sample collected in Patagonia (Argentina) was investigated in relation to its metabolic responses under unbalanced growth conditions. This strain was identified as Rhodococcus sp. by molecular analyses. Strain 602 showed the ability to degrade a wide range of compounds and to(More)
The hydrocarbon composition of the marine diatom Pleurosigma strigosum isolated from coastal Mediterranean sediments is described. A suite of five C(25) highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes with 2-5 double bonds were detected together with n-C(21:4) and n-C(21:5) alkenes and squalene. The analysis by (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy of two isolated HBI(More)
The hydrocarbon fraction of leaf waxes of three halophytes of the Chenopodiaceae common to Mediterranean salt marshes (Suaeda vera, Sarcocornia fruticosa and Halimione portulacoides) revealed the presence of a minor series of odd and even chains 1-chloro-n-alkanes ranging from C(19) to C(29). The identification of these new chlorinated plant constituents(More)