Vincent G Verlant

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Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy can induce fetal pathology and abortion in both humans and animals. The present study describes the development of an experimental model of congenital toxoplasmosis in the guinea pig. In this animal model, we evaluated the protective effect of vaccination with a recombinant form of SAG1 against(More)
Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) have been successful in preventing invasive pneumococcal disease but effectiveness has been challenged by replacement of vaccine serotypes with non-vaccine serotypes. Vaccines targeting common pneumococcal protein(s) found in most/all pneumococci may overcome this limitation. This phase II study assessed safety and(More)
Current pneumococcal vaccines are composed of capsular polysaccharides (PS) of various serotypes, either as free PS or as protein-PS conjugates. The use of pneumococcus protein antigens that are able to afford protection across the majority of serotypes is envisaged as a relevant alternative and/or complement to the polysaccharides. In this context, based(More)
BACKGROUND The protection elicited by polysaccharide pneumococcal vaccines against community-acquired pneumonia in older adults remains debatable. Alternative vaccine targets include well-conserved pneumococcal protein antigens, such as pneumococcal histidine triad protein D (PhtD). OBJECTIVE To evaluate humoral and cellular immune responses and(More)
Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B is a major cause of bacterial meningitis in younger populations. The available vaccines are based on outer membrane vesicles obtained from wild-type strains. In children less than 2 years old they confer protection only against strains expressing homologous PorA, a major, variable outer membrane protein (OMP). We(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a prospective population-based epidemiological study to prepare a setting for documentation of the efficacy of novel vaccines against pneumococcal (Pnc) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly. Specific objectives were to demonstrate setting feasibility, to construct a case definition for Pnc CAP, and to estimate its(More)
Antimicrobial treatment decreases bacterial culture yields. We assessed the impact of antimicrobial treatment on pneumococcal assays in a prospective study of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the elderly. We enrolled 323 cases aged ≥65 years with radiologically confirmed CAP and collected detailed data on antimicrobial exposure and pneumococcal assays(More)
In the past years, a significant rise in the proportion of childhood complicated pneumonia cases related to pneumococcal serotypes 1 and 3 has been observed. PhtD is a vaccine candidate protein antigen. By using a pneumococcal lethal intranasal challenge mouse model, a significant additive effect on protection was observed with the combination of(More)
The use of protein antigens able to protect against the majority of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes is envisaged as stand-alone and/or complement to the current capsular polysaccharide-based pneumococcal vaccines. Pneumolysin (Ply) is a key virulence factor that is highly conserved in amino acid sequence across pneumococcal serotypes, and therefore may(More)
To characterize the proteins P91Ap and P198p, of which mutants generate the tum- antigens P91A and P198, respectively, rabbit antisera were raised with ovalbumin-coupled synthetic peptides that correspond to their respective C terminus. In immunoadsorption tests using immobilized protein A the antisera recognized the translation products synthesized by(More)