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Flow in the aortic arch is characterized primarily by the presence of a strong secondary flow superimposed over the axial flow, skewed axial velocity profiles and diastolic flow reversals. A significant amount of helical flow has also been observed in the descending aorta of humans and in models. In this study a computational model of the abdominal aorta(More)
We perform a systematic analysis of k-strings in the framework of the gauge/gravity correspondence. We discuss the Klebanov-Strassler supergravity background which is known to be dual to a confining supersymmetric gauge theory with chiral symmetry breaking. We obtain the k-string tension in agreement with expectations of field theory. Our main new result is(More)
The leading term for the energy of a bound state of k-quarks and k-antiquarks is proportional to its separation L. These k-string configurations have a Lüscher term associated with their quantum fluctuations which is typically a 1/L correction to the energy. We review the status of tensions and Lüscher terms in the context of lattice gauge theory,(More)
A perfusion apparatus is employed to reproduce quantifiable pulsatile hemodynamics within freshly excised canine carotid arteries. From measurements of pulsatile intraluminal and transmural pressure and the dynamic radial motion of the vessel wall, calculations are made of the vascular incremental modulus of elasticity and hoop, axial, and radial wall(More)
Using a renormalization group method, we calculate 800 high-temperature coefficients of the magnetic susceptibility of the hierarchical Ising model. The conventional quantities obtained from differences of ratios of coefficients show unexpected smooth oscillations with a period growing logarithmically and can be fitted assuming corrections to the scaling(More)
Recommended Citation Liu, Yuzhi. "Renormalization group and phase transitions in spin, gauge, and QCD like theories." PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) thesis, To the memory of my father, Deliang Liu. ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Firstly, I would like to thank sincerely my advisor Professor Yannick Meurice for his guidance through the period of my work at University of(More)
We provide world sheet non-supersymmetrical actions that describe the coupling of a bosonic string to the tachyon and massless states of both the type-B and type-O theories. The type-B theory is derived as a truncation and chiral doubling of the Ramond-Ramond sector in our previous model that connected the (1,0) heterotic string to a 10D, type-IIB(More)