Vincent Ethier

Learn More
Ballistic movements like saccades require the brain to generate motor commands without the benefit of sensory feedback. Despite this, saccades are remarkably accurate. Theory suggests that this accuracy arises because the brain relies on an internal forward model that monitors the motor commands, predicts their sensory consequences, and corrects eye(More)
In a typical short-term saccadic adaptation protocol, the target moves intrasaccadically either toward (gain-down) or away (gain-up) from initial fixation, causing the saccade to complete with an endpoint error. A central question is how the motor system adapts in response to this error: are the motor commands changed to bring the eyes to a different goal,(More)
It is possible that motor adaptation in timescales of minutes is supported by two distinct processes: one process that learns slowly from error but has strong retention, and another that learns rapidly from error but has poor retention. This two-state model makes the prediction that if a period of adaptation is followed by a period of reverse-adaptation,(More)
The saccadic system is an ideal model for the study of how the brain optimizes its motor behavior. Here we review some recent research that points to exciting new areas of investigation relative to the multiple time scales of and the influence of context and consolidation on motor learning. These findings suggest new ways of thinking about the processes(More)
In the past 30 years, saccade experiment has been a motor task favoured by many scientists interested in adaptation and learning. Saccades are stereotypical and less subject to cognitive influences than are motor tasks like reaching. They are also too fast to let sensory feedback affect their control; this consequently makes them simpler to analyze. In(More)
Editor's Note: These short, critical reviews of recent papers in the Journal, written exclusively by graduate students or postdoctoral fellows, are intended to summarize the important findings of the paper and provide additional insight and commentary. For more information on the format and purpose of the Journal Club, please see Review of Ghasia et al.(More)
  • 1