Vincent Castric

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Explaining the extent, causes, and consequences of biotic distributions in space is fundamental to our understanding of how species evolve and cope with particular environments. Yet, identifying extrinsic barriers to migration imposed by landscape structure and predicting their impacts on intraspecific genetic diversity remains a major challenge in(More)
Self-incompatibility systems in plants are genetic systems that prevent self-fertilization in hermaphrodites through recognition and rejection of pollen expressing the same allelic specificity as that expressed in the pistils. The evolutionary properties of these self-recognition systems have been revealed through a fascinating interplay between empirical(More)
A recent investigation found evidence that the transition of Arabidopsis thaliana from ancestral self-incompatibility (SI) to full self-compatibility occurred very recently and suggested that this occurred through a selective fixation of a nonfunctional allele (PsiSCR1) at the SCR gene, which determines pollen specificity in the incompatibility response.(More)
Empirical studies of natural populations have commonly reported departures from Hardy-Weinberg expected proportions of heterozygote individuals. Recent advances in statistical population genetics now offer the potential to exploit individual multilocus genotypic information to test more rigorously for possible sources of heterozygote deficiencies. In a(More)
The use of molecular data to reconstruct the history of divergence and gene flow between populations of closely related taxa represents a challenging problem. It has been proposed that the long-standing debate about the geography of speciation can be resolved by comparing the likelihoods of a model of isolation with migration and a model of secondary(More)
Ever since Darwin proposed natural selection as the driving force for the origin of species, the role of adaptive processes in speciation has remained controversial. In particular, a largely unsolved issue is whether key divergent ecological adaptations are associated with speciation events or evolve secondarily within sister species after the split. The(More)
Geographic patterns of genetic diversity depend on a species' demographic properties in a given habitat, which may change over time. The rates at which patterns of diversity respond to changes in demographic properties and approach equilibrium are therefore pivotal in our understanding of spatial patterns of diversity. The brook charr Salvelinus fontinalis(More)
Arabidopsis halleri is a pseudometallophyte involved in numerous molecular studies of the adaptation to anthropogenic metal stress. In order to test the representativeness of genetic accessions commonly used in these studies, we investigated the A. halleri population genetic structure in Europe. Microsatellite and nucleotide polymorphisms from the nuclear(More)
Incompatibility recognition systems preventing self-fertilization have evolved several times in independent lineages of Angiosperm plants, and three main model systems are well characterized at the molecular level [the gametophytic self-incompatibility (SI) systems of Solanaceae, Rosaceae and Anthirrhinum, the very different system of poppy, and the system(More)
In many species genes move over limited distances, such that genetic differences among populations or individuals are expected to increase as a function of geographical distance. In other species, however, genes may move any distance over a single generation time, such that no increase of genetic differences is expected to occur with distance. Patterns of(More)