Vincent Castagné

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This study was performed to investigate the influence of repeated psychological stress alone or combined with high NaCl intake on the function of the sympathetic nervous system. In addition, NPY levels have been measured in brain regions of potential importance in the central regulation of stress responses (ventrolateral and dorsomedial medulla,(More)
Developing neurons die when deprived of trophic support from their axonal target. Although this is generally attributed to the programmed expression of suicide proteins, recent data suggest that a less orderly mechanism involving oxidative stress may also be involved. We have studied retinal ganglion cell death in the chick embryo after a contralateral(More)
During the development of the nervous system, a large number of neurons are eliminated through naturally occurring neuronal death. Many morphological and biochemical properties of such dying neurons are reminiscent of apoptosis, a type of death involving the action of genetically-programmed events but also epigenetic phenomena including oxidative stress.(More)
The c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway has been shown to play an important role in excitotoxic neuronal death and several studies have demonstrated a neuroprotective effect of D-JNKi, a peptide inhibitor of JNK, in various models of cerebral ischemia. We have now investigated the effect of D-JNKi in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia (90 min)(More)
It is generally agreed that naturally-occurring neuronal death in developing animals is dependent on the synthesis of proteins. Oxidative stress, as when intracellular concentrations of free radicals are raised or when cell constituents such as membrane lipids or protein thiols are oxidized, is also involved in various types of neuronal death. In the(More)
Axotomy often leads to neuronal death, which occurs after a particularly short delay in immature animals. Tectal lesions were made in embryonic day (E) 12 chick embryos, thereby axotomizing the retinal ganglion cells of the contralateral eye, which then died within 3 days. We here describe the ultrastructural changes in the axotomized ganglion cells. The(More)
Circulating concentrations of neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity (NPY), noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (AD) were measured in conscious, chronically catheterized rats submitted to various stress protocols. Basal plasma levels of NPY, NA and AD (194 +/- 52 fmol/ml, 0.90 +/- 0.11 pmol/ml and 0.52 +/- 0.07 pmol/ml) were increased by handling (+132%, +76%(More)
The neuronal redox status influences the expression of genes involved in neuronal survival. We previously showed that antioxidants may reduce the number of dying ganglion cells following axotomy in chick embryos. In the present study, we show that various antioxidants, including the new spin trap azulenyl nitrone and 1,3-dimethyl-2-thiourea, protect(More)
About half the neurons in the brain die at the time when their connections are being formed. This neuronal death is regulated by anterograde and retrograde signals that reflect both electrical activity and the uptake of trophic factors. Our recent data on the isthmo-optic projection indicate that there are in fact two different retrograde signals: a(More)
Axotomy kills developing neurons by mechanisms dependent on protein synthesis and influenced by the redox status. Amongst the redox-regulated transduction systems regulating gene expression are the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). In the chick embryo, inhibitors of two different MAPK pathways, including notably the p38 kinase pathway, reduce the(More)