Vincent Carré

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Grapevine is of worldwide economic importance due to wine production. However, this culture is often affected by pathogens causing severe harvest losses. Understanding host-pathogen relationships may be a key to solve this problem. In this paper, we evaluate the direct flow injection by electrospray - Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass(More)
To investigate the in-situ response to a stress, grapevine leaves have been subjected to mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) experiments. The Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation (MALDI) approach using different matrices has been evaluated. Among all the tested matrices, the 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid (DHB) was found to be the most efficient matrix(More)
A series of neutral meso-arylglycosylporphyrins has been tested in order to evaluate their potency as antifungal agents against the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Photodynamic activity of these molecules results in intracellular damage as evidenced by the loss of clonogenicity and DNA fragmentation. The ability of these photosensitizers to permeate yeast(More)
Photodynamic treatment of promyelocytic K562 cells in the presence of a monoglucosylporphyrin or hematoporphyrin leads to a sequence of events recognized as hallmarks of apoptosis: a drop in mitochondrial potential, concurrent with a drop in ATP level and a decrease in cell respiration, translocation of phosphatidylserine of the plasma membrane, DNA(More)
Analysis of grapevine phytoalexins at the surface of Vitis vinifera leaves has been achieved by laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LDI-ToFMS) without matrix deposition. This simple and rapid sampling method was successfully applied to map small organic compounds at the surface of grapevine leaves. It was also demonstrated that the(More)
A patient presented to a district general hospital with a type B dissection of the aorta. He was deemed too unwell for surgical intervention. An endovascular stent repair was successfully carried out. The case shows that such a procedure can be safely performed by a multidisciplinary team within a district general hospital.
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are often associated with complex matrixes such as exhaust diesel particulate matter (DPM), which complicates their study. In that case, laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry is one of the techniques which ensures their direct analysis in the solid state. We demonstrate in this paper that the use of(More)
We have previously demonstrated that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope glycoproteins have specific carbohydrate-binding properties for mannosyl/N-acetylglucosaminyl residues presented at high density on a carrier in vitro. Here, we investigated whether HIV envelope glycoprotein gp120 was able to interact with surface membrane carbohydrates of CD4+(More)
Laser desorption ionization Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (LDI-FTICRMS) was used to investigate particulate matter (PM) associated with mainstream (MSS) and sidestream cigarette smokes (SSS). The high mass resolution and the high mass measurement accuracy allowed a molecular formula for each detected signal in the 150-500 m/z(More)
In a famous experiment Stanley Miller showed that a large number of organic substances can emerge from sparking a mixture of methane, ammonia and hydrogen in the presence of water (Miller, Science 117:528–529, 1953). Among these substances Miller identified different amino acids, and he concluded that prebiotic events may well have produced many of Life’s(More)