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BACKGROUND Certain population groups have been rendered vulnerable in Chad because of displacement of more than 200,000 people over the last three years as a result of mass violence against civilians in the east of the country. The objective of the study was to assess mortality and nutritional patterns among displaced and non-displaced population living in(More)
BACKGROUND Violence in Darfur, Sudan, has rendered more than one million people internally displaced. An epidemiological study of the effect of armed incursions on mortality in Darfur was needed to provide a basis for appropriate assistance to internally displaced people. METHODS Between April and June, 2004, we did retrospective cluster surveys among(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure retrospectively mortality among a previously inaccessible population of former UNITA members and their families displaced within Angola, before and after their arrival in resettlement camps after ceasefire of 4 April 2002. DESIGN Three stage cluster sampling for interviews. Recall period for mortality assessment was from 21 June 2001(More)
Death rates exceeded emergency thresholds at 4 sites during epidemics of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Burundi (2000-2001) and in Ethiopia (2003-2004). Deaths likely from malaria ranged from 1,000 to 8,900, depending on site, and accounted for 52% to 78% of total deaths. Earlier detection of malaria and better case management are needed.
This is the first in a series of articles on conducting research during complex humanitarian emergencies. T he United Nations (UN) defines a complex humanitarian emergency (CHE) as " a humanitarian crisis in a country, region, or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which(More)
The activation-selection model (ASM) of determining the meaning of an ambiguous word is unique in that it is able to account for the long-term effects of meaning selection without an explicit mechanism for suppressing the representation of the nonselected meaning. The model assumes that a meaning is selected when a threshold number of attributes associated(More)
Modelers of cognitive processes have been identified as belonging to one or the other oftwo camps: inhibitophiles or inhibitophobes (see chap. 15, this volume). Therefore, it seems reasonable to make clear our points of view on the issue that underlies this volume, namely, what is the proper role of the construct of inhibition in cognitive theory? David S.(More)