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BACKGROUND Certain population groups have been rendered vulnerable in Chad because of displacement of more than 200,000 people over the last three years as a result of mass violence against civilians in the east of the country. The objective of the study was to assess mortality and nutritional patterns among displaced and non-displaced population living in(More)
BACKGROUND Violence in Darfur, Sudan, has rendered more than one million people internally displaced. An epidemiological study of the effect of armed incursions on mortality in Darfur was needed to provide a basis for appropriate assistance to internally displaced people. METHODS Between April and June, 2004, we did retrospective cluster surveys among(More)
In a randomised controlled trial, twelve matched pairs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease received traditional Chinese acupuncture or placebo acupuncture. After three weeks' treatment the traditional-acupuncture group showed significantly greater benefit in terms of subjective scores of breathlessness and six-minute walking distance.(More)
A major epidemic of Plasmodium falciparum malaria occurred in a nonimmune population in northeastern Kenya during January-May 1998. The epidemic was preceded by drought in 1996 and most of 1997, then by major rainfall and floods in the last 2 months of 1997. A two-stage cluster-sampling survey conducted at mobile clinics in Wajir, Kenya, in 1988,(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure retrospectively mortality among a previously inaccessible population of former UNITA members and their families displaced within Angola, before and after their arrival in resettlement camps after ceasefire of 4 April 2002. DESIGN Three stage cluster sampling for interviews. Recall period for mortality assessment was from 21 June 2001(More)
CONTEXT Mass violence against civilians in the west of Sudan has resulted in the displacement of more than 1.5 million people (25% of the population of the Darfur region). Most of these people are camped in 142 settlements. There has been increasing international concern about the health status of the displaced population. OBJECTIVE To perform rapid(More)
Death rates exceeded emergency thresholds at 4 sites during epidemics of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Burundi (2000-2001) and in Ethiopia (2003-2004). Deaths likely from malaria ranged from 1,000 to 8,900, depending on site, and accounted for 52% to 78% of total deaths. Earlier detection of malaria and better case management are needed.
This is the first in a series of articles on conducting research during complex humanitarian emergencies. T he United Nations (UN) defines a complex humanitarian emergency (CHE) as " a humanitarian crisis in a country, region, or society where there is total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which(More)