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The focused organization theory of social ties proposes that the structure of human social networks can be arranged around extra-network foci, which can include shared physical spaces such as homes, workplaces, restaurants, and so on. Until now, this has been difficult to investigate on a large scale, but the huge volume of data available from online(More)
We show that some basic linear control design problems are NP-hard, implying that, unless P=NP, they cannot be solved by polynomial time algorithms. The problems that we consider include simultaneous stabilization by output feedback, stabilization by state or output feedback in the presence of bounds on the elements of the gain matrix, and decentralized(More)
We analyze two large datasets from technological networks with location and social data: user location records from an online location-based social networking service, and anonymized telecommunications data from a European cellphone operator, in order to investigate the differences between individual and group behavior with respect to physical location. We(More)
This paper presents a novel meta algorithm, Partition-Merge (PM), which takes existing centralized algorithms for graph computation and makes them distributed and faster. In a nutshell, PM divides the graph into small subgraphs using our novel randomized partitioning scheme, runs the centralized algorithm on each partition separately, and then stitches the(More)
We introduce an improved model for human communication patterns, in particular for arrival times of Twitter tweets. We introduce a concept that allows to capture the dependence of subsequent waiting times between such events. The presence of such dependence not only matches intuition, but the data shows a significantly better fit for the new model, thus(More)