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BACKGROUND Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare form of soft tissue sarcoma. Brain metastases have been reported to be a common feature of Stage IV ASPS, and recent practice guidelines recommend routine intracranial imaging as part of the staging evaluation in all patients who present with ASPS. METHODS The authors performed a comprehensive(More)
BACKGROUND Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with aortic coarctation and dissection; hence, echocardiographic evaluation of all patients is currently recommended. X-ray angiography in clinically symptomatic patients has suggested a range of other vascular anomalies, but the true prevalence of such lesions in TS is unknown. To better understand the(More)
The chemical shift phenomenon refers to the signal intensity alterations seen in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging that result from the inherent differences in the resonant frequencies of precessing protons. Chemical shift was first recognized as a misregistration artifact of image data. More recently, however, chemical shift has been recognized as a useful(More)
Osmotic myelinolysis is a distinctive clinical syndrome with characteristic MR features in the central pons (central pontine myelinolysis) and in other locations (extrapontine myelinolysis). We describe the resolving MR features in an adolescent who has experienced complete neurologic recovery. Regions of involvement manifested increased T2 signal(More)
BACKGROUND The risk for aortic dissection is increased among relatively young women with Turner syndrome (TS). It is unknown whether aortic dilatation precedes acute aortic dissection in TS and, if so, what specific diameter predicts impending deterioration. METHODS AND RESULTS Study subjects included 166 adult volunteers with TS (average age, 36.2 years)(More)
From the Department of Radiology, Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, WA (VBH); Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, The Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD (VBH, JGS); Department of Radiologic Pathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC (JGS); Department of Neurology, Georgetown University(More)
Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is a valuable noninvasive adjunct in the evaluation of congenital heart disease (CHD). With its multiplanar image acquisition, good spatial resolution, and large-field-of-view image display, MR imaging can allow appreciation of vascular connections not readily apparent at echocardiography or angiography. Evaluation of CHD(More)
While use of advanced visualization in radiology is instrumental in diagnosis and communication with referring clinicians, there is an unmet need to render Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) images as three-dimensional (3D) printed models capable of providing both tactile feedback and tangible depth information about anatomic and(More)
Atherosclerotic disease of the renal artery can lead to reduction in arterial caliber and ultimately to conditions including renovascular hypertension. Renal artery stenosis is conventionally assessed, using angiography, according to the severity of the stenosis. However, the severity of a stenosis is not a reliable indicator of functional significance, or(More)
Cardiac MRI continues to develop and advance. MRI accurately depicts cardiac structure, function, perfusion, and myocardial viability with an overall capacity unmatched by any other single imaging modality. MRI is an accepted and widely utilized tool for cardiovascular research. Its clinical use has been limited, but is increasing because of its proven(More)