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Atherosclerotic disease of the renal artery can lead to reduction in arterial caliber and ultimately to conditions including renovascular hypertension. Renal artery stenosis is conventionally assessed, using angiography, according to the severity of the stenosis. However, the severity of a stenosis is not a reliable indicator of functional significance, or(More)
Vascular disease produces changes in lumenal shape evident in magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). However, quantification of vascular shape from MRA is problematic due to image artifacts. Prior deformable models for vascular surface reconstruction primarily resolve problems of initialization of the surface mesh. However, initialization can be obtained in(More)
A modified Look-Locker acquisition using saturation recovery (MLLSR) for breath-held myocardial T(1) mapping is presented. Despite its reduced dynamic range, saturation recovery enables substantially higher imaging efficiency than conventional inversion recovery T(1) mapping because it does not require time for magnetization to relax to equilibrium.(More)
BACKGROUND The risk for aortic dissection is increased among relatively young women with Turner syndrome (TS). It is unknown whether aortic dilatation precedes acute aortic dissection in TS and, if so, what specific diameter predicts impending deterioration. METHODS AND RESULTS Study subjects included 166 adult volunteers with TS (average age, 36.2 years)(More)
Contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) using steady-state free precession (SSFP) pulse sequences is described. Using SSFP, vascular structures can be visualized with high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at a substantial (delay) time after the initial arterial pass of contrast media. The peak blood SSFP signal was diminished by <20% 30 min after the initial(More)
OBJECTIVE MR angiography (MRA) is an established diagnostic method; however, controversy remains over the best technique for display. In this study, we compared five methods of depicting hepatic MRA, including a novel skeletonization approach, using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves, interobserver variability (kappa values), and speed of(More)
The study was institutional review board approved and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act compliant. All subjects provided informed consent. Three-dimensional breath-hold coronary magnetic resonance (MR) angiography with use of steady-state free precession was performed in 12 patients up to 20 minutes after 0.2 mmol gadolinium-based contrast(More)
Imaging is valuable in determining the presence, extent, and severity of myocardial ischemia and the severity of obstructive coronary lesions in patients with chronic chest pain in the setting of high probability of coronary artery disease. Imaging is critical for defining patients best suited for medical therapy or intervention, and findings can be used to(More)